Health Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada
Drugs and Health Products


Help on accessing alternative formats, such as Portable Document Format (PDF), Microsoft Word and PowerPoint (PPT) files, can be obtained in the alternate format help section.

This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.


  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or the statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.


January 20, 2015

Proper Name(s)

Royal Jelly (Sweetman 2007)

Common Name(s)

Royal Jelly (Sweetman 2007)

Source Material(s)

Gland secretion of worker bees (Apis mellifera L.) (EFSA 2011; Cherniack 2010; Guo et al. 2007)

Route(s) of administration


Dosage form(s)

  • The acceptable pharmaceutical dosage forms include, but are not limited to capsules, chewables (e.g. gummies, tablets), liquids, powders, strips or tablets.
  • This monograph is not intended to include foods or food-like dosage forms such as bars, chewing gums or beverages.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

Statement(s) to the effect of

  • Source of/Provides antioxidants (Karadeniz et al. 2011; Silici et al. 2011; Viuda-Martos et al. 2008; El-Nekeety et al. 2007; Guo et al. 2007).
  • Used in Herbal Medicine as a nutritive tonic (Pizzorno and Murray 2013; Peirce 1999; Bartram 1998).


Statement(s) to the effect of


Adults (≥ 18 years)



Up to 6 g royal jelly, per day (Karadeniz et al. 2011; Silici et al. 2011; Viuda-Martos et al. 2008; El-Nekeety et al. 2007; Guo et al. 2007).

Nutritive tonic

0.8 - 6 g royal jelly, per day (Barnutiu et al. 2011; Stocker et al. 2005)

Duration of use

No statement required

Risk information

Statement(s) to the effect of

Caution(s) and warning(s)

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, consult a health care practitioner prior to use.


If you have a history of asthma or allergies, do not use this product (TGA 2001; Leung et al. 1997,1995; Harwood et al. 1996; Laporte et al. 1996; Thien et al. 1996; Peacock et al. 1995; Bullock 1994).

Known adverse reaction(s)

Hypersensitivity, such as allergy, has been known to occur; in which case, discontinue use immediately (Leung et al. 1997,1995; Harwood et al. 1996; Laporte et al. 1996; Thien et al. 1996; Peacock et al. 1995).

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.


  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) Quality of Natural Health Products Guide. In addition, according to section 3.3.9 for Antiobiotic residues in bee products, the medicinal ingredient must be tested for the presence of 5-nitrofuran residues and chloramphenicol.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

References cited

  • Barnutiu LI, Marghitas LA, Dezmirean DS, Mihai CM, Bobis O. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Royal Jelly - Review. Scientific Papers: Animal Science and Biotechnologies 2011; 44(2): 67-72.
  • Bartram T. Bartram's Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. London (GB): Robinson Publishing Ltd. 1998.
  • Bullock RJ. Fatal royal-jelly induced asthma. Medical Journal of Australia 1994;160:44.
  • Cherniack EP. Bugs as Drugs, Part 1: Insects. The "New" Alternative Medicine for the 21st Century? Alternative Medicine Review 2010;15(2):124-135.
  • EFSA 2011. EFSA panel on dietetic products, nutrition and allergies (NDA). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to: anthocyanidins and proanthocyanidins; sodium alginate and ulva; vitamins, minerals, trace elements and standardized ginseng G115 extracts; vitamins, minerals, lysine and/or arginine and/or taurine; plant-based preparation for use in beverages; Carica papaya L.; "fish protein"; acidic water-based, non-alcoholic flavoured beverages containing calcium in the range of 0.3 to 0.8 mol per mol of acid with a pH not lower than 3.7; royal jelly; foods low in cholesterol; and foods low in trans-fatty acids pursuant to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006. EFSA Journal 2011;9(4):2083.
  • El-Nekeety AA, El-Kholy W, Abbas NF, Ebaid A, Amra HA, Abdel-Wahhab MA. Efficacy of royal jelly against the oxidative stress of fumonisin in rats. Toxicon 2007;50(2):256-269.
  • Harwood M, Harding S, Beasley R, Frankish PD. Asthma following royal jelly. The New Zealand Medical Journal 1996;109:325.
  • Karadeniz A, Simsek N, Karakus E, Yildrim S, Kara A, Can I, Kisa F, Emre H, Turkeli M. Royal Jelly modulates oxidative stress and apoptosis in liver and kidneys of rats treated with cisplatin. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity 2011;1-10.
  • Laporte JR, Ibaanez L, Vendrell L, Ballarin E. Bronchospasm induced by royal jelly. Allergy 1996;51:440.
  • Leung R, Ho A, Chan J, Choy D, Lai CK. Royal jelly consumption and hypersensitivity in the community. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1997;27(3):333-336.
  • Leung R, Thien FC, Baldo B. Royal Jelly-induced asthma and anaphylaxis: clinical characteristics and immunologic correlations. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1995;96:1004-1007.
  • Peirce A. The American Pharmaceutical Association Practical Guide to Natural Medicines. New York (NY): William Morrow and Company Inc.; 1999.
  • Stocker A, Schramel P, Kettrup A, Bengsch E. Trace and mineral elements in royal jelly and homeostatic effects. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 2005; 183-189
  • Sweetman SC. Martindale, The Complete Drug Reference 2007. Pharmaceutical Press, London (GB).
  • Peacock S, Muray V, Turton C. Respiratory distress and royal jelly. British Medical Journal 1995;311:1472.
  • Pizzorno JE, Murray MT, editors. Textbook of Natural Medicine. Third edition, volume 1. St. Louis (MI): Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2006.
  • Silici S, Ekmekcioglu O, Kanbur M, Deniz K. The protective effect of royal jelly against cisplatin-induced renal oxidative stress in rats. World Journal of Urology 2011;29(1):127-132.
  • TGA 2001: Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration. Next link will take you to another Web site CMEC 28: Complementary Medicines Evaluation Committee, Extracted Ratified Minutes twenty-eight Meeting, 27-28 July 2001. Australian Government Department of Health and Aging, Sydney, Australia; 2001. [Accessed 2014 April 28].
  • Thien FC, Leung R, Baldo BA, Weiner JA, Plomley R, Czarny D. Asthma and anaphylaxis induced by royal jelly. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1996;26(2):216-222.

References reviewed

  • Guo H, Ekusa A, Iwai K, Yonekura M, Takahata Y, Morimatsu F. Royal Jelly peptides inhibit lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 2008; 54:191-195.
  • Lee NJ, Fermo J. Warfarin and Royal Jelly Interaction. Pharmacotherapy 2006;26(4):583-586.
  • Morita H, Ikeda T, Kajita K, Fujioka K, Mori I, Okada H, Uno Y, Ishizuka T. Effect of royal jelly ingestion for six months on healthy volunteers. Nutrition Journal 2012;11:77.
  • Munstedt K, Henschel M, Hauenschuild A, Von Georgi R. Royal Jelly increases high density lipoprotein levels but in older patients only. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2009;15(4):329-330.
  • Ramadan MF, Al-Ghamdi A. Bioactive compounds and health-promoting properties of royal jelly: A review. Journal of Functional Foods 2012;4:39-52.
  • Vittek J. Effect of royal jelly on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans with artherosclerosis. Experientia 1995;51(9-10):927-935.
  • Viuda-Martos M, Ruiz-Navajas Y, Fernandez-Lopez J, Perez-Alvarez JA. Functional properties of honey, propolis and royal jelly. Journal of Food Science 2008;73(9):117-124.