Monograph: Bilberry - Oral

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLA) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient. It is a referenced document to be used as a labelling standard. Note: Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product labels at the applicant's discretion. The solidus (/) indicates that the terms are synonyms or that the statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.
Date: 2018-10-30

NHPID name

Vaccinium myrtillus ( Germplasm Resources Information Network Taxonomy )

Proper name(s)

Vaccinium myrtillus ( USDA 2008 )

Common name(s)

Source material

Fruit ( Blumenthal et al. 2000 )

Route Of administration


Dosage form(s)

Use(s) or purpose(s)

Statement(s) to the effect of:




12 - 75 Grams per day, fruit

36 Percent Anthocyanosides

1.8 - 75 Grams per day, dried fruit

See Appendix 1 for examples of appropriate dosage preparations and frequencies of use, according to cited references. The purpose of Appendix 1 is to provide guidance to industry.

Duration of use

No statement is required

Risk information

Statement(s) to the effect of:

Caution(s) and Warning(s): Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician if symptoms persist or worsen. Contraindication(s): No statement is required Known Adverse Reaction(s): No statement is required

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural health products ingredients database and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.


References cited

References reviewed

Appendix 1: Examples of appropriate dosage preparations, frequencies of use and directions for use


Dried fruit:


5 - 10 g dried fruit, 4-6 times per day (Blumenthal et al. 2000)

Directions for use:

Place crushed dried fruit in 150 ml of cold water. Bring to a boil for approximately 10 minutes. Strain while hot. Drink cold several times per day (Blumenthal et al. 2000)

Fluid extract:

Cold macerate:

5 - 10 g dried fruit, 4 - 6 times per day (Blumenthal et al. 2000)

Directions for use:

Soak crushed dried fruit in 150 ml cold water for 2 hours, allowing the fruit to swell. Drink cold several times per day (Blumenthal et al. 2000).