Monograph: Ginseng, Panax

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient. It is a referenced document to be used as a labelling standard. Note: (i) Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the Product Licence Application and product labels at the applicants' discretion. The solidus (/) indicates that the terms are synonyms or that the statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant. (ii) Claims for traditional use (other than TCM) must include the term "Herbal Medicine".
Date: 2018-08-28

NHPID name

Panax ginseng ( Germplasm Resources Information Network Taxonomy )

Proper name(s)

Panax ginseng ( Unavailable )

Common name(s)

Source material

Route Of administration


Dosage form(s)

Use(s) or purpose(s)

Statement(s) to the effect of:




1 Day per day

See Appendix 1 for examples of appropriate dosage preparations and frequencies of use, according to cited references. The purpose of Appendix 1 is to provide guidance to industry.

Duration of use

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 3 months.  (Mills and Bone 2005, Blumenthal et al. 2000, McGuffin et al. 1997, Bradley 1992)

Risk information

Statement(s) to the effect of:

Caution(s) and Warning(s): Contraindication(s): Do not use this product in cases of yin deficiency with heat signs, heat excess, or in the absence of significant qi deficiency.  (Bensky and Gamble 1993) Known Adverse Reaction(s): Stop use if you experience insomnia, anxiety or headaches.  (Lee et al. 2008b, Vuksan et al. 2008, de Andrade et al. 2007, Sievenpiper et al. 2006, Coon and Ernst 2002, Ellis and Reddy 2002, Scaglione et al. 2001, Siegel 1979)

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural health products ingredients database and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.


References cited

References reviewed

Appendix 1: Examples of appropriate dosage preparations, frequencies of use and directions for use

Root and/or rootlet:


Fluid extract:

1-2 g dried equivalent, per day (1:1, 1-2 ml) (Blumenthal et al. 2000)


Standardized extracts containing 4-7% total ginsenosides: