Chemical Substance - Sodium Benzoate

NHPID name:
Sodium Benzoate

Reference:
MIO

Proper name(s):
Benzoic acid, sodium salt

Common name(s):
Sodium benzoate

Category:
Approved Chemical Name

Schedule 1:
Isolate

Sub-ingredient(s):
Benzoic Acid , Sodium

CAS registry number:
532-32-1



Additional details

Detail:
In oral rehydration products this ingredient is acceptable as a source of sodium. Sodium is an electrolyte, not a nutrient. As a medicinal ingredient sodium does not contribute to the maintenance of good health since there is likely to be excess sodium from the diet, not a deficiency. The safety and efficacy of the sodium benzoate as a source of sodium must be assessed under the recommended conditions of use.


Toxicity restriction

Upper limit:
5.0

Units:
Milligrams/kilogram body weight/day

Detail:
Acceptable daily intake up to 5 mg/kg bw/day, expressed as benzoic acid equivalents.

Reference:
WHO_JECFA


Roles

Medicinal

Rationale:

Classified as an NHP under Schedule 1, item 2 (an isolate) of the Natural Health Products Regulations.

Reference:  NNHPD

Non-medicinal

Purposes:
Flavour Enhancer , Lubricant , Preservative Antimicrobial
Restrictions:

General

Route Of administration:
Topical

Allowed purposes:
Preservative Antimicrobial

Detail:
Up to 1%.

Reference:
CIR


General

Route Of administration:
Oral

Allowed purposes:
Lubricant , Preservative Antimicrobial

Reference:
HPE_2009


General

Route Of administration:
Oral

Allowed purposes:
Flavour Enhancer

Reference:
FHFI_2010