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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.



August 5, 2019

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation

Mentha pulegium

  • European pennyroyal
  • Lurk-in-the-Ditch
  • Mosquito plant
  • Pennyroyal
  • Pudding Grass
  • Pulegium
  • Run-by-the-Ground
  • Squaw Balm
  • Squawmint Tickweed

Mentha pulegium

Herb top


References: Proper name: USDA 2019; Common names: McGuffin et al. 2000; Source material: BHP 1983.

Route of Administration


Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for any age category listed in this monograph for the specified route of administration are listed in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

The following combined use(s) or purpose(s) is/are also acceptable:

(Traditionally) used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve indigestion/flatulent dyspepsia (carminative) and intestinal colic (anti-spasmodic) (Mills and Bone 2005; Hoffman 2003; Williamson et al. 1988; BHP 1983; Grieve 1971).

Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".



Adults 18 years and older


Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

3 - 12 grams of dried herb top, per day; Not to exceed 4 grams of dried herb top per single dose (Mills and Bone 2005; Williamson et al. 1988; BHP 1983; Grieve 1971)

Method of preparation: Tincture

0.6 - 1.2 grams of dried herb top, per day (Mills and Bone 2005; Hoffman 2003)

Direction(s) for use

No statement required.

Duration(s) of Use

No statement required.

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)


Do not use this product if you are pregnant or breastfeeding (Brinker 2010).

Known adverse reaction(s)

No statement required.

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.


References Cited

References Reviewed