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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.



December 18, 2018

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation

Armoracia rusticana


Armoracia rusticana


  • Dried
  • Fresh

References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common name: McGuffin et al. 2000, Felter and Lloyd 1983; Source material: Barnes et al. 2007, Blumenthal et al. 2000, Grieve 1971, Wren 1907.

Route of Administration


Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for the age category listed in this monograph and specified route of administration are indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)


Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".



Adults 18 years and older


Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardised Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

2 - 20 grams of dried or fresh root, per day (Blumenthal et al. 2000; Mills 1985; Grieve 1971; Wren 1907)

Direction(s) for use

No statement required.

Duration(s) of Use


For occasional use only (Berardi et al. 2002; CPA 2002)

Other uses

No statement required.

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)


Do not use this product if you are pregnant, have a kidney disorder, stomach or intestinal ulcers, or stomach inflammation (Brinker 2010; Blumenthal et al. 2000; McGuffin et al. 1997).

Known adverse reaction(s)

No statement required.

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.


References Cited

References Reviewed