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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.



October 30, 2018

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation

Glechoma hederacea

Ground ivy

Glechoma hederacea

Herb top


References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common name: McGuffin et al. 2000; Source material: Barnes et al. 2007, Grieve 1971.

Route of Administration


Dosage Form(s)

Acceptable dosage forms for any age category listed in this monograph for the specified route of administration are listed in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help heal minor cuts and wounds (vulnerary) and to help soothe inflammation (Barnes et al. 2007; Williamson et al. 1988; Grieve 1971).


Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".



Adults 18 years and older


Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardised Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

2-4 grams of dried herb tops (Williamson et al. 1988)

Direction(s) for use

Apply to affected area(s) as needed.

Duration(s) of Use

No statement required.

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)


No statement required.

Known adverse reaction(s)

No statement required.

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.


References Cited

Barnes J, Anderson LA, Philipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd edition. London (UK): The Pharmaceutical Press; 2007.

Bartram T. Bartram's Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine. New York (NY): Marlowe and Company; 1998.

Berardi RR, DeSimone EM, Newton GD, Oszko MA, Popovich NG, Rollins CJ, Shimp LA, Tietze KJ, editors. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care, 13th edition. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association; 2002.

Bradley PR, editor. British Herbal Compendium: A Handbook of Scientific Information on Widely Used Plant Drugs, Volume 1. Bournemouth (UK): British Herbal Medicine Association; 1992.

Grieve M. A Modern Herbal, Volume 1. New York (NY): Dover Publications; 1971 [Reprint of 1931 Harcourt, Brace & Company publication].

McGuffin M, Kartesz JT, Leung AY, Tucker AO, editors. Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition. Silver Spring (MD): American Herbal Products Association; 2000.

USDA 2018: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Glechoma hederacea L. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville (MD). [Accessed 2018 August 14]

Williamson EM, Evans FJ, Wren RC. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Saffron Walden (UK): C.W. Daniel Company Limited; 1988.

References Reviewed

BHP 1996: British Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Bournemouth (UK): British Herbal Medicine Association; 1996.

Brinker F. Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions, 3rd edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 2001.

Cook, WH. The Physio-medical Dispensatory. Cincinnati (OH): WH Cook; 1869. [Accessed 2008 February14]. Available from:

Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory, Volume 2, 18th edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 1983 [Reprint of 1898 original].

Gruenwald J, Brendler T, Jaenicke C, editors. PDR for Herbal Medicines, 2nd edition. Montvale (NJ): Medical Economics Co.; 1998.

Hoffmann D. The Complete Illustrated Holistic Herbal. Rockport (MA): Element Books Inc.; 1996.

Lontos S, Jones RM, Angus PW, Gow PJ. Acute liver failure associated with the use of herbal preparations containing black cohosh. The Medical journal of Australia 2003;179(7):390-1.

Moerman DE. Native American Ethnobotany. Portland (OR): Timber Press; 1998.

Remington JP and Woods HC, editors. The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 20th edition. 1918. [Accessed 2008 February14]. Available from:

Sayre LE. A Manuel of Organic Materia Medica and Pharmacognosy, 4th edition. Philadelphia (PA): P. Blakiston's Son & Co; 1917. [Accessed 2008 February14]. Available from:

Thomsen M, Vitetta L, Sali A, Schmidt M. Acute liver failure associated with the use of herbal preparations containing black cohosh. The Medical journal of Australia 2004; 180(11):598-9.

Wiersema J, Léon B. World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press LLC; 1999.