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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.


  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.


September 29, 2022

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source information
Source material(s) Part(s)

Camellia sinensis

  • Camellia sinensis extract
  • Green tea extract
  • Tea extract
  • Thea sinensis extract
  • White tea extract

Camellia sinensis


References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common names: Westerterp-Plantenga et al. 2005, Henning et al. 2004, McGuffin et al. 2000; Source information: Nagao et al. 2005, Chantre and Lairon 2002.

Route of Administration


Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for oral use are indicated in the dosage form drop-down list of the web-based Product Licence Application form for Compendial applications.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

  • Source of/Provides antioxidants (Camargo et al. 2006; Coimbra et al. 2006; Henning et al. 2004; Nakagawa et al. 1999; Van het Hof et al. 1997).
  • Source of antioxidants/Provides antioxidants that help fight/protect (cell) against/reduce (the oxidative effect of/the oxidative damage caused by/cell damage caused by) free radicals (Camargo et al. 2006; Coimbra et al. 2006; Henning et al. 2004; Nakagawa et al. 1999; Van het Hof et al. 1997).
  • To be used with a program of reduced intake of dietary calories and increased physical activity (if possible) to help in weight management (Nagao et al. 2005; Westerterp-Plantenga et al. 2005; Chantre and Lairon 2002; Dulloo et al. 1999).



Adults 18 years and older


Methods of preparation: Standardized extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)


Not to exceed 690 milligrams total catechins, and 150 milligrams of caffeine, per day (Nagao et al. 2005; Henning et al. 2004; Nakagawa et al. 1999).

Weight management

136 - 300 milligrams (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and 75 -150 milligrams of caffeine, with an EGCG: caffeine ratio of 1.8:1 to 4:1, per day. Not to exceed 690 milligrams of total catechins (including EGCG) per day (Nagao et al. 2005; Westerterp-Plantenga et al. 2005; Chantre and Lairon 2002).

Direction(s) for use

All products

Take with food (HC 2017).

Duration(s) of Use

All products

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 12 weeks (Nagao et al. 2005; Westerterp-Plantenga et al. 2005; Chantre and Lairon 2002).

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)

All products

  • Stop use and consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician if you develop symptoms of liver trouble such as yellowing of the skin/eyes (jaundice), stomach pain, dark urine, sweating, nausea, unusual tiredness and/or loss of appetite (HC 2017; Molinari et al. 2006; Gloro et al. 2005).
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you have a liver disorder or an iron deficiency (HC 2017; HC 2007; Cooper et al. 2006; Nelson and Poulter 2004; Zijp et al. 2000).


No statement required.

Known adverse reaction(s)

All products

Rare, unpredictable cases of liver injury associated with green tea extract-containing products have been reported (in Canada and internationally) (HC 2017).

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

Must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural Health Products Regulations (NHPR).


  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

References cited

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  • Coimbra S, Castro E, Rocha-Pereira P, Rebelo I, Rocha S, Santos-Silva A. The effect of green tea in oxidative stress. Clinical Nutrition 2006;25(5):790-796.
  • Cooper MJ, Cockell KA, L'Abbe MR. The iron status of Canadian adolescents and adults: current knowledge and practical implications. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2006;67(3):130-138.
  • Dulloo AG, Duret C, Rohrer D, Girardier L, Mensi N, Fathi M, Chantre P, Vandermander J. Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999;70(6):1040-1045.
  • Gloro R, Hourmand-Ollivier I, Mosquet B, Mosquet L, Rousselot P, Salame E, Piquet MA, Dao T. Fulminant hepatitis during self-medication with hydroalcoholic extract of green tea. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2005;17(10):1135-1137.
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  • Henning SM, Niu Y, Lee NH, Thames GD, Minutti RR, Wang H, Go VL, Heber D. Bioavailability and antioxidant activity of tea flavanols after consumption of green tea, black tea, or a green tea extract supplement. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004;80(6):1558-1564.
  • McGuffin M, Kartesz JT, Leung AY, Tucker AO, editors. Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition. Austin (TX): American Herbal Products Association; 2000.
  • Molinari M, Watt KD, Kruszyna T, Nelson R, Walsh M, Huang WY, Nashan B, Peltekian K. Acute liver failure induced by green tea extracts: case report and review of the literature. Liver Transplantation 2006;12(12):1892-1895.
  • Nagao T, Komine Y, Soga S, Meguro S, Hase T, Tanaka Y, Tokimitsu I. Ingestion of a tea rich in catechins leads to a reduction in body fat and malondialdehyde-modified LDL in men. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005;81(1):122-129.
  • Nakagawa K, Ninomiya M, Okubo T, Aoi N, Juneja LR, Kim M, Yamanaka K, Miyazawa T. Tea catechin supplementation increases antioxidant capacity and prevents phospholipid hydroperoxidation in plasma of humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 1999;47(10):3967-3973.
  • Nelson M, Poulter J. Impact of tea drinking on iron status in the UK: a review. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 2004;17(1):43-54.
  • USDA 2018: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Camellia sinensis (L) Kuntze. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville (MD). [Accessed 2018 June 18]. Available from:
  • Van het Hof KH, de Boer HS, Wiseman SA, Lien N, Weststrate JA, Tijburg LB. Consumption of green or black tea does not increase resistance of low-density lipoprotein to oxidation in humans. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1997;66(5):1125-1132.
  • Westerterp-Plantenga MS, Lejeune MP, Kovacs EM. Body weight loss and weight maintenance in relation to habitual caffeine intake and green tea supplementation. Obesity Research 2005;13(7):1195-1204.
  • Zijp IM, Korver O, Tijburg LB. Effect of tea and other dietary factors on iron absorption. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 2000;40(5):371-398.

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