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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.



January 27, 2023

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source information
Source material(s) Part(s) Preparation
Panax quinquefolius
  • American ginseng
  • Occidental ginseng
  • Sang
  • Shang
  • Xi yang shen
Panax quinquefolius Root Dry

References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common names: USDA 2018, McGuffin et al. 2000; Source information: PPRC 2010, Lust 1974, Wren 1956.

Route of Administration


Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for oral use are indicated in the dosage form drop-down list of the web-based Product Licence Application form for Compendial applications.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".



Adults 18 years and older


Glucose levels; Restlessness/Nervousness

Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

0.5 - 12 grams dried root, per day (Bartram 1998; Felter and Lloyd 1983; Wren 1956).

Adaptogen - energy and resistance to stress; Adaptogen - immune system

Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract)

1 - 3 grams dried root, per day (Upton 2012; Winston and Maimes 2007).

Adaptogen - energy and resistance to stress

Methods of preparation: Non-Standardized Aqueous Extracts (Dry extract, Decoction, Infusion)

6 - 9 grams dried root, per day; Not to exceed 3 grams per single dose (Winston and Maimes 2007).


Methods of preparation: Decoction, Decoction concentrate

2.4 - 9 grams dried root, per day (PPRC 2010; Bensky and Gamble 1993).

Direction(s) for use

No statement required.

Duration(s) of Use

No statement required.

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)


No statement required.

Known adverse reaction(s)

No statement required.

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

Must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural Health Products Regulations (NHPR)


References Cited

References Reviewed