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Drugs and Health Products

Monograph: Bovine Colostrum

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient. Notes: (i) Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion. (ii) The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or the statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.

Date: 2013-03-25

NHPID Name

Bovine Colostrum (ITIS 2007)

Proper Name(s)

Bovine colostrum ( Martindale 2010 , Kim et al. 2009 , Cesarone et al. 2007 , Shing et al. 2007 )

Common Name(s)

Bovine Colostrum ( Martindale 2010 , Kim et al. 2009 , Cesarone et al. 2007 , Shing et al. 2007 )

Source Material

Colostrum - Bos taurus (Kim et al. 2009, Cesarone et al. 2007, Shing et al. 2007)
Note: Sources of colostrum should not be from hyper-immunized cattle.

Route Of Administration

Oral

Dosage Form(s)

  • The acceptable pharmaceutical dosage forms include, but are not limited to capsules, chewables (e.g. gummies, tablets), liquids, powders, strips or tablets.
  • This monograph is not intended to include foods or food-like dosage forms such as bars, chewing gums or beverages.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

Statement(s) to the effect of:

General


Dose(s)

Adults:

Preparation: Powdered

Dose(s): 0.4 - 10 Grams per day, dried powder

Duration of use

For prolonged use, consult a health care practitioner  (Cesarone et al. 2007, Brinkworth and Buckley 2004, Brinkworth et al. 2004, Coombes et al. 2002, Antonio et al. 2001)

Risk Information

Statement(s) to the effect of:

Caution(s) and Warning(s):
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, consult a health care practitioner prior to use.
  • If you have a history of cancer, consult a healthcare practitioner prior to use  (Rowlands et al. 2009, Salvioli et al. 2009, Mero et al. 2002)
  • If you have diabetes, consult a health care practitioner prior to use  (Kim et al. 2009, Tripathi et al. 2006, Mero et al. 1997)
  • If you have liver or kidney disease or if you have been instructed to follow a low protein diet, consult a health care practitioner prior to use  (Shils et al. 2006)
  • If you suffer from an immune system disorder (e.g. Crohn's disease, myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, HIV/AIDS, etc.) or if you are taking immunosuppressants, consult a health care practitioner prior to use.  (Albers et al. 2005)

Contraindication(s):
If you have a known allergy/hypersensitivity to cow's milk, do not use this product  (HC 2011)

Known Adverse Reaction(s):
No statement is required


Note: The list of priority allergens is maintained at: http://hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/allergen/guide_ligne_direct_indust-eng.php

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the NHPD Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the Natural Health Products Ingredient Database (NHPID).

References cited

  • Albers R, Antoine JM, Bourdet-Sicard R, Calder PC, Gleeson M, Lesourd B, Samartín S, Sanderson IR, Van Loo J, Vas Dias FW, Watzl B. Markers to measure immunomodulation in human nutrition intervention studies. British Journal of Nutrition 2005;94(3):452-458.
  • Antonio J, Sanders MS, Gammeren VD. The effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in active men and women. Nutrition 2001;17(3):243-247.
  • Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD, Slavotinek JP, Kurmis AP. Effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on the composition of resistance trained and untrained limbs in healthy young men. European Journal of Applied Physiology 2004;91(1):53-60.
  • Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD. Bovine colostrum supplementation does not affect plasma buffer capacity or haemoglobin content in elite female rowers. European Journal of Applied Physiology 2004;91(2-3):353-356.
  • Brinkworth, GD, Buckley JD. Concentrated bovine colostrum protein supplementation reduces the incidence of self-reported symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection in adult males. European Journal of Nutrition 2003;42(4):228-232.
  • Cesarone MR, Belcaro G, Di Renzo A, Dugall M, Cacchio M, Ruffini I, Pellegrini L, Del Boccio G, Fano F, Ledda A, Bottari A, Ricci A, Stuard S, Vinciguerra G. Prevention of influenza episodes with colostrum compared with vaccination in healthy and high-risk cardiovascular subjects: The epidemiologic study in San Valentino. Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis 2007;13(2):130-136.
  • Coombes JS, Conacher M, Austen SK, Marshall PA. Dose effects of oral bovine colostrum on physical work capacity in cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2002;34(7):1184-1188.
  • Crooks CV, Wall CR, Cross ML, Rutherfurd-Markwick KJ. The effect of bovine colostrum supplementation on salivary IgA in distance runners. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2006;16(1):47-64.
  • Davison G, Diment BC. Bovine colostrum supplementation attenuates the decrease of salivary lysozyme and enhances the recovery of neutrophil function after prolonged exercise. British Journal of Nutrition 2009;103(10):1425-1432.
  • HC 2011: Health Canada, The Use of Food Allergen Precautionary Statements on Prepackaged Foods. [Accessed 2012 April 23]. Available from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/allergen/precaution_label-etiquette-eng.php
  • Kim JH, Jung WS, Choi NJ, Kim DO, Shin DH, Kim YJ. Health-promoting effects of bovine colostrum in Type 2 diabetic patients can reduce blood glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride and ketones. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 2009;20(4):298-303.
  • Martindale 2010: Sweetman SC, editor. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference. 37th edition [Internet]. London (GB): Pharmaceutical Press; 2012. [Bovine colostrum: Date of monograph revision 20101001; Accessed 2012 August 15]. Available from: http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/
  • Mero A, Kahkonen J, Nykanen T, Parviainen T, Jokinen I, Takala T, Nikula T, Rasi S, Leppaluoto J. IGF-I, IgA, and IgG responses to bovine colostrum supplementation during training. Journal of Applied Physiology 2002;93(2):732-739.
  • Mero A, Miikkulainen H, Riski J, Pakkanen R, Aalto J, Takala T. Effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on serum IGF-I, IgG hormone, and saliva IgA during training. Journal of Applied Physiology 1997;83(4):1144-1151.
  • Patel K, Rana R. Pedimune in recurrent respiratory infection and diarrhea- the Indian Experience - the PRIDE study. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2006;73(7):585-591.
  • Rowlands MA, Gunnell D, Harris R, Vatten LJ, Holly JM, Martin RM. Circulating insulin-like growth factor peptides and prostate cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Cancer 2009;124(10):2416-2429.
  • Salvioli S, Capri M, Bucci L, Lanni C, Racchi M, Uberti D, Memo M, Mari D, Govoni S, Franceschi C. Why do centenarians escape or postpone cancer? The role of IGF-1, inflammation and p53. Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 2009;58(12):1909-1917.
  • Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, Ross AC, editors. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 10th edition. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2006.
  • Shing CM, Jenkins DG, Stevenson L, Coombes JS. The influence of bovinen colostrum supplementation on exercise performance in highly trained cyclists. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;40:797-801.
  • Shing CM, Peake J, Suzuki K. Effects of bovine colostrums supplementation on immune variables in highly trained cyclists. Journal of Applied. Physiology 2007;102(3):1113-1122.
  • Tripathi V, Vashishtha B. Bioactive compounds of colostrum and its application. Food Reviews International 2006;22(3):225-244.

References reviewed

  • Bolke E, Jehle PM, Hausmann F. Preoperative oral application of immunoglobulin-enriched colostrum milk and mediator response during abdominal surgery. Shock 2002;17(1):9-12.
  • Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD, Bourdon PC, Gulbin JP, David AZ. Oral bovine colostrum supplementation enhances buffer capacity but not rowing performance in elite female rowers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism 2002;12:349-363.
  • Buckley JD, Abbot MJ, Brinkworth GD, Whyte PBD. Bovine colostrum supplementation during endurance running training improves recovery, but not performance. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2002;5(2):65-79.
  • Buckley JD, Brinkworth GD, Abbot MJ. Effect of bovine colostrum on anaerobic exercise performance and plasma insulin-like growth factor I. Journal of Sports Sciences 2003;21(7):577-588.
  • Caccavo D, Pellegrino NM, Altamura M, Rigon A, Amati L, Amoroso A, Jirillo E. Antimicrobial and immunoregulatory functions of lactoferrin and its potential therapeutic application. Journal of Endotoxin Research 2002;8(6):403-417.
  • Cross ML, Gill HS. Immunomodulatory properties of milk. British Journal of Nutrition 2000;84(S1):S81-S89.
  • El-Loly, MM. Bovine milk immunoglobulins in relation to human health. International Journal of Dietary Science 2007;2(3):183-195.
  • EMA 1994: Specific Requirements for the production of and control of immunosera and colostrum substitutes. 7BIm12a. [Accessed 2011April 23]. Available from: http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Scientific_guideline/2009/10/WC500004623.pdf
  • Farke C, Rattenberger E, Roiger SU, Meyer HH. Bovine colostrum: determination of naturally occurring steroid hormones by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2011;59(4):1423-1427.
  • Gopal PK, Gill HS. Oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in bovine milk and colostrum. British Journal of Nutrition 2000;84(S1): S69-S74.
  • Greenberg PD, Cello JP. Treatment of severe diarrhea caused by Cryptosporidium parvum with oral bovine immunoglobin concentrate in patients with AIDS. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology 1996;13(4):348-354.
  • Hammarstrom L, Weiner CK. Targeted antibodies in dairy-based products. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 2008;606:321-343.
  • He F, Tuomola E, Arvilommi H, Salminen S. Modulation of human humoral immune response through orally administered bovine colostrum. FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 2001;31(2):93-96.
  • Health Canada, Report of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Expert Panel on Human safety of RBST. [Accessed 2012 April 23]. Available from: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/vet/issues-enjeux/rbst-stbr/rep_rcpsc-rap_crmcc-eng.php
  • Huppertz HI, Rutkowski R, Busch DH, Eisebit R, Lissner R, Karch H. Bovine colostrum ameliorates diarrhea infestion with diarrheagic Escherichia coli, shiga toxin-producing E. coli, and E. coli expressing intimin and hemolysin. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 1999;29(4):452-456.
  • Kelly GS. Bovine Colostrums: A review of clinical uses. Alternative Medicine Review 2003;8(4):378-394.
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  • Mero A, Nykanen T, Keinanen O, Knuutinen J, Lahti K, Alen M, Rasi S, Leppaluoto J. Protein metabolism and strength performance after bovine colostrum supplementation. Amino Acids 2005;28(3):327-335.
  • Mitra AK, Mahalanabis D, Ashraf H, Unicomb L, Eeckls R, Tzipori S. Hyperimmune cow colostrum reduces diarrhoea due to rotovirus: a double-bind, controlled clinical trial. Acta Paediatrica 1995;84(9):996-1001.
  • Natural Standard. Bovine colostrum Copyright © 2012 [Internet]. [Accessed 2012 August 15]. Available from: http://www.naturalstandard.com.
  • Pakkanen R, Aalto J. Growth factors and antimicrobial factors of bovine colostrum. International Dairy Journal 1997;7(5):285-297.
  • Playford RJ, Macdonald CE, Johnson WS. Colostrum and milk-derived peptide growth factors for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;72(1):5-14.
  • Plettenberg A, Stoehr A, Stellbrink HJ, Albrecht H, Meigel W. A preparation from bovine colostrum in the treatment of HIV-positive patients with chronic diarrhea. The Clinical Investigator 1993;71(1):42-45.
  • Poke GS, Roy JH. The oestrogenic activity of bovine colostrum. The Biochemical Journal 1953;53(3):427-430.
  • Przybylska J, Albera E, Kankofer M. Antioxidants in bovine colostrum. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 2007;42(4):402-409.
  • Ragab SS, Afifi EAA. Bovine Colostrum: its dietary supplementation role in improvement and modulation of human immune indices. [Accessed 2012 April 23] Available from: http://www.firstmilking.com/bovinecolostrumresearch.htm
  • Roos N, Mahe S, Benamouzig R, Sick H, Rautureau J, Tome D. 15N-labeled immunoglobulins from bovine colostrum are partially resistant to digestion in the human intestine. The Journal of Nutrition 1995;125(5):1238-1244.
  • Rump JA, Arndt R, Arnold A, Bendick C, Dichtelmuller H, Franke M, Helm EB, Jager H, Kampmann B, Kolb P, Kreuz W, Lissner R, Meigel W, Ostendorf P, Peter HH, Plettenberg A, Schedel I, Stellbrink HW, Stephan W. Treatment of diarrhoea in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with immunoglobulins from bovine colostrum. The Clinical Investigator 1992;70(7):588-594.
  • Solomons NW. Modulation of the immune system and the response against pathogens with bovine colostrums concentrates. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 56(S3): S24-S28.
  • Struff, WG, Sprotte G. Bovine colostrum as a biologic in clinical medicine: a review. Part II: clinical studies. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2008;46(5):211-225.
  • Thapa BR. Health factors in colostrum. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2005;72(7):579-581.
  • Thapa, BR. Therapeutic potentials of bovine colostrums. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2005;72 (10):849-852.
  • Uruakpa FO, Ismond MAH, Akobundu ENT. Colostrum and its benefits: a review. Nutrition Research 2002;22(6):755-767.
  • van Hooijdonk, ACM, Kussendrager KD, Steijns JM. In vivo antimicrobial and antiviral activity of components in bovine milk and colostrum involved in non-specific defence. British Journal of Nutrition 2000;84(S1):S127-S134.
  • Weiner C, Pan Q, Hurtig M, Boren T, Bostwick E, Hammarstrom L. Passive immunity against human pathogens using bovine antibodies. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 1999;116:193-205.
  • Wolvers DAW, van Herpen-Broekmans WMR, Logman MHGM van der Wielen RPJ, Albers R. Effect of a mixture of micronutrients, but not of bovine colostrum concentrate, on immune function parameters in healthy volunteers: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Nutrition Journal 2006;5:28-39.
  • Xu L, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Sheng Q, Zhao A. Qualitative and quantitative comparison of hormone contents between bovine and human colostrums. International Dairy Journal 2011;21(1):54-57.