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McGuffin et al. 2000
Barnes et al. 2007
Route Of Administration
Those suited to the allowable route(s) of administration. This monograph is not intended to include food-like dosage forms such as bars, chewing gums or beverages.
Use(s) or Purpose(s)
Statement(s) to the effect of:
Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to aid digestion (stomachic)
(Barnes et al. 2007, Grieve 1971)
Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as an expectorant to help relieve coughs, mucous production (anticatarrhal) and bronchial afflictions
(Barnes et al. 2007, Bradley 1992, Williamson et al. 1988)
Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as an astringent to help relieve diarrhoea
(Barnes et al. 2007, Bartram 1998, Bradley 1992, Williamson et al. 1988, Grieve 1971)
Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic
(Barnes et al. 2007, Williamson et al. 1988, Grieve 1971)
Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve hemorrhoids
(Barnes et al. 2007, Williamson et al. 1988)
Dry, Powder, Decoction & Infusion + All Non-Standardised Extracts
2 - 12 Grams
dried herb tops
See Appendix 1 for examples of appropriate dosage preparations and frequencies of use, according to cited references. The purpose of Appendix 1 is to provide guidance to industry.
Duration of use
For occasional use only
(Berardi et al. 2002
, CPA 2002
Statement(s) to the effect of:
Caution(s) and Warning(s)
Consult a health care practitioner if symptoms persist.
Consult a health care practitioner if symptoms worsen.
Consult a health care practitioner prior to use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
(Barnes et al. 2007)
No statement is required
Known Adverse Reaction(s)
No statement is required
Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.
- The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the NHPD Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
- The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the Natural Health Products Ingredient Database (NHPID).
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Bartram T. Bartram's Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine: The Definitive Guide to the Herbal Treatments of Diseases. New York (NY): Marlowe & Company; 1998.
Berardi RR, DeSimone EM, Newton GD, Oszko MA, Popovich NG, Rollins CJ, Shimp LA, Tietze KJ, editors. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care, 13th edition. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association; 2002.
Bradley PR, editor. 1992. British Herbal Compendium: A Handbook of Scientific Information on Widely Used Plant Drugs, Volume 1. Bournemouth (GB): British Herbal Medicine Association.
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McGuffin M, Kartesz JT, Leung AY, Tucker AO, editors. 2000. Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition. Austin(TX): American Herbal Products Association.
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Appendix 1: Examples of appropriate dosage preparations, frequencies of use and directions for use
Dried aerial parts:
2 - 4 g, 3 times per day (Bradley 1992)
2 - 4 g dried aerial parts, 3 times per day (Bradley 1992)
- 2 - 4 g dried equivalent, 3 times per day (1:1; 25% ethanol, 2-4 ml) (Bradley 1992)
- 2 - 4 g dried equivalent per day (1:1, 2-4 ml) (Williamson et al. 1988; Grieve 1971 )
1 - 2 g dried equivalent, 3 times a day (1:5, 25% ethanol, 5-10 ml) (Bradley 1992)