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Drugs and Health Products

Traditional Chinese Medicine Ingredients (TCMI)

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredients.

Notes

  • By submitting a web-based PLA form referencing this monograph to the Natural and Non-Prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD), the applicant is attesting that the product will fully comply with the recommended conditions of use outlined in this monograph, including the conditions found in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) referenced texts (those provided in the reference section below) when more restrictive and/or not specified in this monograph. The conditions of use include methods of preparations, source materials, doses, directions for use, durations of use, combinations of medicinal ingredients, risk statements, and the theory of TCM.
  • Any substitution of different species, subspecies or variety (i.e. proper names), despite the same common name and/or pharmacopoeial name, is considered fundamental change and not an amendment. Those products with different proper names will require a separate product licence (NPN). For example, for Gan cao, if a NPN was obtained with the proper name Glycyrrhiza glabra, the proper name cannot be substituted with Glycyrrhiza inflata even if captured under the same pharmacopoeial name (Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhiza). Another NPN should be obtained for Glycyrrhiza inflata - Gan cao.
  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or the statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.

Date

June 30, 2022

Medicinal Ingredients

  • Refer to Table 1 in Appendix I for lists of general medicinal ingredients.
  • Refer to Table 2 in Appendix I for lists of medicinal ingredients with diuretic or stimulant laxative properties.
  • Refer to Table 3 in Appendix I for medicinal ingredients that are only allowable when prepared/used according to the specifications/comments outlined in the Natural Health Product Ingredients Database (NHPID).
  • Refer to Table 4 in Appendix I for medicinal ingredients that are only allowable for topical use.

Proper name(s) and Common name(s)

Refer to Appendix I, Tables 1 to 4, for lists of acceptable proper names and common names.

Source information

As per NHPID.

Brand name(s)

The brand name(s) must not imply or refer to any specific use, disease, disorder, condition or symptom.

Route(s) of administration

  • Oral
  • Topical

Dosage form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for oral or topical route of administration are indicated in the dosage form drop-down list of the web-based Product Licence Application form for Compendial applications.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

Single ingredient products prepared as per a TCM referenced text listed in this monograph OR products whose combination of ingredients and preparation is identical to a base formula in the TCM referenced text listed in this monograph:

Remedy/Product/Preparation based on the theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Products whose combination of ingredients and/or preparation is not identical to a base formula in the TCM referenced text listed in this monograph:

Combination of Traditional Chinese Medicine Ingredients.

Unacceptable Combinations

(Combination of ingredients not supported by this monograph may be submitted as a Class III application)

  • Stimulant laxative ingredients from Table 2 (Appendix I) may not be combined together and/or with diuretics and/or with the medicinal ingredient Gan cao (Glycyrrhiza glabra, G. inflata, G. uralensis) due to potential of electrolyte imbalance.
  • Not more than 1 diuretic from Table 2 (Appendix I) may be combined with the medicinal ingredient Gan cao due to potential of electrolyte imbalance.
  • Not more than 3 diuretics from Table 2 (Appendix I) may be combined together.
  • Ingredients indicated as mutually incompatible or antagonistic in the TCM referenced texts should not be combined.

Dose(s)

Subpopulation(s)

Adults 18 years and older

Quantity(ies)
  • The quantity(ies) must not exceed the maximum daily dose specified by TCM referenced texts listed in this monograph, considering additive effects between ingredients of similar actions or properties.
  • Products providing more than 1 g of Piper longum are excluded from this monograph.
Direction(s) for use

All products

As specified by referenced texts.

Products containing any Angelica species

Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight, ultraviolet light (UV) or UV therapy.

Method(s) of preparation
  • The method of preparation of a medicinal ingredient must be consistent with preparations and methods of processing used in the TCM practice, be outlined in a TCM referenced text listed in this monograph and included in the NHPID for this ingredient.
  • When the reference dosage is for a powder, the ingredient may be present as a powder or the dose could be extrapolated for a hydroethanolic extract.
  • When the reference dosage is for a decoction, the ingredient must be present as a decoction or decoction concentrate. The dose provided by the TCM referenced texts is always associated with a decoction when not further specified.
  • Where the preparation method utilizes a solvent, the same solvent must be used.

Duration(s) of use

Oral products containing stimulants laxatives from Table 2

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 7 days.

Oral products containing Herba Ephedra

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 7 days (NNHPD Ephedra monograph).

Oral products containing any Glycyrrhiza species

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 4-6 weeks (NNHPD Licorice monograph).

All other oral products

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for prolonged use.

All topical products

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for prolonged use.

Risk information

Caution(s) and warning(s)

All products

  • Stop use and consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician if symptoms persist or worsen, or if new symptoms develop.
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you are taking prescription medications.

And

Any additional risk statement not covered by the above statements as specified by referenced texts.

All oral products

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you have serious or major conditions, any type of acute infection, deficiency or excess.

Contraindication(s)

All products

Do not use this product if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

And

Any additional risk statement not covered by the above statement as specified by referenced texts.

Oral products containing two or more diuretics from Table 2 (total QCE (Quantity Crude Equivalent): > 100 mg/day for powdered and ethanolic extracts or > 300 mg/day for decoction and decoction concentrate)

Do not use if you have heart disease, high or low blood pressure, kidney or liver disorder, diabetes or edema (swelling of hands, face and feet) or are taking other products containing diuretics.

Known adverse reaction(s)

All products

As specified by referenced texts.

Oral products containing any diuretic from Table 2 (total QCE: > 100 mg/day for powdered and ethanolic extracts or > 300 mg/day for decoction and decoction concentrate)

Diuretic effect may occur.

Oral products containing two or more diuretics from Table 2 (total QCE: > 100 mg/day for powdered and ethanolic extracts or > 300 mg/day for decoction and decoction concentrate)

Stop use and consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician immediately if dizziness, confusion, muscle weakness or pain, abnormal heart beat and/or difficulty breathing occur.

In addition to the risk statements listed above, risk statements (caution & warning, contraindication, known adverse reaction) from the NNHPD single ingredient monographs listed below are required.

Oral
Medicinal ingredients NNHPD monographs Cautions/Warnings1 Contraindications1 Known Adverse Reactions1

Aloe vera or A. ferox

Aloe - Oral monograph

Angelica species

Dong quai - Angelica sinensis monograph

X

Apis mellifera (Mel)

Propolis - Oral monograph applies

X

N/A

Astragalus membranaceus

Astragalus monograph

X

N/A

Camellia sinensis

Green tea extract monograph applies

N/A

Cinnamomum aromaticum

Cassia monograph

X

Eleutherococcus senticosus

Eleuthero monograph

X

N/A

Ephedra species

Ephedra monograph

Ganoderma species

Reishi monograph

X

N/A

Ginkgo biloba (Folium Ginkgo)

Ginkgo biloba monograph

X

N/A

Glycyrrhiza species

Licorice monograph

X

N/A

Panax ginseng

Ginseng, Panax monograph

X

Propolis

Propolis - Oral monograph

N/A

Rheum species

Senna monograph applies

Senna species

Senna monograph

Silybum marianum

Milk thistle monograph applies

X

N/A

Tribulus terrestris

Tribulus monograph

X

Valeriana officinalis

Valerian monograph

N/A

Wolfiporia extensa

Poria monograph

X

N/A

Topical
Medicinal ingredients NNHPD monographs Cautions/Warnings1 Contraindications1 Known Adverse Reactions1

Propolis

Propolis - Topical monograph

N/A

1The symbols used in the tables are defined as follows:
✓ = risk statements from the associated single monograph are required.
X = statements are already covered by the general risk statements listed above.
N/A = no risk statement on the associated single monograph.

In addition to the risk statements listed above, risk statements listed in NHPID for the medicinal ingredients below are required.

Oral
Medicinal ingredients NHPID - risk statements

Apocynum venetum (Folium Apocyni Veneti)

Reynoutria multiflora (Radix Polygoni Multiflori (non preparata)

Reynoutria multiflora (Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata)

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current NHPID and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

  • As specified by referenced texts.
  • Must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural Health Products Regulations (NHPR).

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the NNHPD Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • Each medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

Cannabis sativa (Huo ma ren) - Semen Cannabis

Must not contain more than 10 parts per million delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or phytocannabinoids that have been isolated or concentrated. The determination of the THC concentration must take into account the potential to convert delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) to THC.

TCM Referenced texts

  • Bensky D, Clavey, Stöger E, Gamble A. Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica. 3rd edition. Seattle (WA): Eastland Press, Incorporated; 2004.
  • Chen JK, Chen TT. Chinese Medical Herbology and Pharmacology. Crampton L, editor. City of Industry (CA): Art of Medicine Press Inc.; 2004.
  • Chen JK, Chen TT. Chinese Herbal Formulas and Applications : pharmacological effects & clinical research. City of Industry, Calif: Art of Medicine Press; 2009.
  • PPRC 2015: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China. Volume 1, English edition 2015. Beijing (CN): The State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People's Republic of China.
  • PPRC Notice to Clinical Medicine (Linchuang Yongyao Xuzhi) 2017: Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China Notice to Clinical Medicine (in Chinese). China Medical Science Press: The State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People's Republic of China.
  • Scheid V, Bensky D, Ellis A, Barolet R. Chinese herbal medicine : formulas & strategies. 2nd edition. Seattle (WA): Eastland Press; 2009.
  • SDS: The State Pharmacopoeia Commission of the People's Republic of China. State Drug Standard.

Appendix 1

Table 1: General Medicinal Ingredients
Proper name(s) Common name(s) (Pinyin) Pharmacopoeial name*

Table 1 Footnotes

Table 1 Footnote 1

The Pharmacopoeial name is the ingredient name found in the NHPID.

Return to Table 1 footnote * referrer

Table 1 Footnote 2

Products providing more than 1 g of Piper longum are excluded from this monograph

Return to Table 1 footnote ** referrer

Abrus cantoniensis Ji gu cao Herba Abri
Achyranthes aspera Tu niu xi Radix Achyranthes Longifolia
Achyranthes bidentata Niu xi Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae
Achyranthes longifolia Tu niu xi Radix Achyranthes Longifolia
Actaea dahurica Sheng ma Rhizoma Cimicifugae
Actaea foetida Sheng ma Rhizoma Cimicifugae
Actaea heracleifolia Sheng ma Rhizoma Cimicifugae
Adenophora stricta Nan sha shen Radix Adenophorae
Adenophora triphylla Nan sha shen Radix Adenophorae
Agastache rugosa Tu huo xiang Herba Agastaches
Agrimonia pilosa Xian he cao Herba Agrimoniae
Ailanthus altissima Chun gen Radix Ailanthi
Ailanthus altissima Chun gen pi Cortex Ailanthi
Akebia quinata Mu tong Caulis Akebiae
Akebia trifoliata Mu tong Caulis Akebiae
Albizia julibrissin He huan pi Cortex Albiziae
Albizia julibrissin He huan hua Flos Albiziae
Allium fistulosum Cong bai Bulbus Allii Fistulosi
Allium macrostemon Xie bai Bulbus Allii Macrostemonis
Allium tuberosum Jiu cai zi Semen Allii Tuberosi
Alpinia hainanensis Cao dou kou Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai
Alpinia oxyphylla Yi zhi; Yi zhi ren Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae
Amomum compactum Bai dou kou; Dou kou Fructus Amomi Rotundus
Amomum krervanh Bai dou kou; Dou kou Fructus Amomi Rotundus
Amomum longiligulare Sha ren Fructus Amomi
Amomum villosum Sha ren Fructus Amomi
Amomum villosum var. xanthioides Sha ren Fructus Amomi
Anadara broughtonii Wa leng zi Concha Arcae
Anadara sativa Wa leng zi Concha Arcae
Andrographis paniculata Chuan xin lian Herba Andrographis
Anemarrhena asphodeloides Zhi mu Rhizoma Anemarrhenae
Anemone chinensis Bai tou weng Radix Pulsatillae
Angelica dahurica Bai zhi Radix Angelicae Dahuricae
Angelica decursiva Qian hu Radix Peucedani
Angelica pubescens Du huo Radix Angelicae Pubescentis
Angelica sinensis Dang gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis
Angelica sinensis Dang gui wei Extremitas Radicis Angelicae Sinensis
Apis mellifera Feng mi Mel
Apocynum venetum Luo bu ma ye Folium Apocyni Veneti
Archidoskodon planifrons Long gu Os Draconis
Arctium lappa Niu bang zi Fructus Arctii
Areca catechu Bing lang Semen Arecae
Areca catechu Da fu pi Pericarpium Arecae
Arisaema amurense Dan nan xing Arisaema cum Bile
Arisaema erubescens Dan nan xing Arisaema cum Bile
Arisaema heterophyllum Dan nan xing Arisaema cum Bile
Arnebia euchroma Zi cao Radix Arnebiae
Arnebia guttata Zi cao Radix Arnebiae
Asparagus cochinchinensis Tian dong; Tian men dong Radix Asparagi
Aster tataricus Zi wan Radix Asteris
Astragalus membranaceus Huang qi Radix Astragali
Atractylodes lancea Cang zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis
Atractylodes macrocephala Bai zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae
Bambusa beecheyana Zhu ru Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam
Bambusa breviflora Zhu ru Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam
Bambusa breviflora Zhu li Succus Bambusae
Bambusa textilis Tian zhu huang Concretio Silicea Bambusae
Bambusa tuldoides Zhu ru Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam
Benincasa hispida Dong gua zi Semen Benincasae
Bletilla striata Bai ji Rhizoma Bletillae
Bombyx mori Can sha Excrementum Bombycis
Bombyx mori Jiang can Batryticatus Bombyx
Boswellia sacra Ru xiang Olibanum
Broussonetia papyrifera Chu shi zi Fructus Broussonetiae
Bupleurum chinense Chai hu Radix Bupleuri
Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Chai hu Radix Bupleuri
Calvatia gigantea Ma bo Lasiosphaera Calvatia
Calvatia lilacina Ma bo Lasiosphaera Calvatia
Camellia sinensis Lu cha Folium Camellia Sinensis
Canarium album Qing guo Fructus Canarii
Carthamus tinctorius Hong hua Flos Carthami
Centella asiatica Ji xue cao Herba Centellae
Centipeda minima E bu shi cao Herba Centipedae
Cervocerus novorossiae Long gu Os Draconis
Cervus elaphus Lu jiao jiao Colla Cornu Cervi
Cervus nippon Lu jiao jiao Colla Cornu Cervi
Cervus elaphus Lu jiao Cornu Cervi
Cervus nippon Lu jiao Cornu Cervi
Cervus elaphus Lu jiao shuang Cornu Cervi Degelatinatium
Cervus nippon Lu jiao shuang Cornu Cervi Degelatinatium
Cervus elaphus Lu rong Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum
Cervus nippon Lu rong Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum
Cervus punjabensis Long gu Os Draconis
Chaenomeles speciosa Mu gua Fructus Chaenomelis
Choerospondias axillaris Guang zao Fructus Choerospondiatis
Chrysanthemum indicum Ye ju hua Flos Chrysanthemi Indici
Chrysanthemum x morifolium Ju hua Flos Chrysanthemi
Cinnamomum aromaticum Rou gui Cortex Cinnamomi
Cinnamomum aromaticum Gui zhi Ramulus Cinnamomi
Citrus aurantium Zhi shi Fructus Aurantii Immaturus
Citrus aurantium Zhi ke; Zhi qiao Fructus Aurantii
Citrus maxima Hua ju hong Exocarpium Citri Grandis
Citrus medica Xiang yuan Fructus Citri
Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis Fo shou Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis
Citrus reticulata Ju he Semen Citri Reticulatae
Citrus reticulata Ju hong Exocarpium Rubrum Citri Reticulatae
Citrus reticulata Chen pi Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae
Citrus reticulata Qing pi Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride
Citrus sinensis Zhi shi Fructus Aurantii Immaturus
Clematis chinensis Wei ling xian Radix and Rhizoma Clematidis
Cnidium monnieri She chuang zi Fructus Cnidii
Codonopsis pilosula Dang shen Radix Codonopsis
Codonopsis tangshen Dang shen Radix Codonopsis
Combretum indicum Shi jun zi Fructus Quisqualis
Commiphora myrrha Mo yao Myrrha
Coptis chinensis Huang lian Rhizoma Coptidis
Coptis deltoidea Huang lian Rhizoma Coptidis
Coptis teeta Huang lian Rhizoma Coptidis
Cordia dichotoma Po bu zi ye Folium Cordia Dichotoma
Cornus officinalis Shan zhu yu Fructus Corni
Corydalis turtschaninovii Yan hu suo Rhizoma Corydalis
Corydalis yanhusuo Yan hu suo Rhizoma Corydalis
Crassostrea gigas Mu li Concha Ostreae
Crataegus cuneata Shan zha Fructus Crataegi
Crataegus pinnatifida Shan zha Fructus Crataegi
Crataegus pinnatifida var. major Shan zha Fructus Crataegi
Cristaria plicata Zhen zhu Margarita
Cristaria plicata Zhen zhu mu Concha Margaritiferae
Cryptotympana atrata Chan tui Periostracum Cicadae
Cryptotympana pustulata Chan tui Periostracum Cicadae
Cullen corylifolium Bu gu zhi Fructus Psoraleae
Curculigo orchioides Xian mao Rhizoma Curculiginis
Curcuma kwangsiensis Yu jin Radix Curcumae
Curcuma kwangsiensis E zhu Rhizoma Curcumae
Curcuma longa Yu jin Radix Curcumae
Curcuma longa Jiang huang Rhizoma Curcumae Longae
Curcuma phaeocaulis Yu jin Radix Curcumae
Curcuma phaeocaulis E zhu Rhizoma Curcumae
Curcuma wenyujin Yu jin Radix Curcumae
Curcuma wenyujin E zhu Rhizoma Curcumae
Cuscuta chinensis Tu si zi Semen Cuscutae
Cuscuta japonica Tu si zi Semen Cuscutae
Cyathula officinalis Chuan niu xi Radix Cyathulae
Cynanchum glaucescens Bai qian Rhizoma et Radix Cynanchi Stauntonii
Cynomorium songaricum Suo yang Herba Cyomorii
Cyperus rotundus Xiang fu Rhizoma Cyperi
Daemonorops draco Xue jie Sanguis Draconis
Dalbergia odorifera Jiang xiang Lignum Dalbergiae Odoriferae
Dendrobium chrysanthum Shi hu Caulis Dendrobii
Dendrobium chrysotoxum Shi hu Caulis Dendrobii
Dendrobium fimbriatum Shi hu Caulis Dendrobii
Dendrobium loddigesii Shi hu Caulis Dendrobii
Dendrobium nobile Shi hu Caulis Dendrobii
Dendrobium officinale Tie pi shi hu Caulis Dendrobii Officinalis
Descurainia sophia Ting li zi Semen Descurainiae
Dichroa febrifuga Chang shan Radix Dichroae
Dictamnus dasycarpus Bai xian pi Cortex Dictamni
Dimocarpus longan Long yan rou Arillus Longan
Dioscorea collettii var. hypoglauca Fen bi xie Rhizoma Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae
Dioscorea futschauensis Mian bi xie Rhizoma Dioscoreae Spongiosae
Dioscorea oppositifolia Shan yao Rhizoma Dioscoreae
Dioscorea spongiosa Mian bi xie Rhizoma Dioscoreae Spongiosae
Diospyros kaki Shi di Calyx Kaki
Dipsacus asper Xu duan Radix Dipsaci
Dolomiaea souliei Chuan mu xiang Radix Vladimiriae
Drynaria fortunei Gu sui bu Rhizoma Drynariae
Ecklonia kurome Hai dai; Kun bu Thallus Laminariae Eckloniae
Eclipta prostrata Mo han lian Herba Eclipta
Eleutherococcus gracilistylus Wu jia pi Cortex Acanthopanacis
Eleutherococcus senticosus Ci wu jia Radix et Rhizoma seu Caulis Acanthopanacis Senticosi
Ephedra intermedia Ma huang gen Radix et Rhizoma Ephedrae
Epimedium brevicornu Yin yang huo Folium Epimedii
Epimedium grandiflorum Yin yang huo Folium Epimedii
Epimedium koreanum Yin yang huo Folium Epimedii
Epimedium pubescens Yin yang huo Folium Epimedii
Epimedium sagittatum Yin yang huo Folium Epimedii
Equus asinus E jiao Colla Corii Asini
Eriobotrya japonica Pi pa ye Folium Eriobotryae
Erodium stephanianum Lao guan cao Herba Erodii
Erythrina variegata Hai tong pi Cortex Erythrinae
Eucommia ulmoides Du zhong Cortex Eucommiae
Euonymus echinatus Da ding huang Caulis Euonymi
Eupolyphaga sinensis Tu bie chong Eupolyphaga
Euryale ferox Qian shi Semen Euryales
Flemingia philippinensis Qian jin ba Radix Flemingiae Philippinensis
Flueggea virosa Bai fan shu gen Radix Securinega Virosa
Foeniculum vulgare Xiao hui xiang Fructus Foeniculi
Forsythia suspensa Lian qiao Fructus Forsythiae
Fraxinus chinensis Qin pi Cortex Fraxini
Fraxinus chinensis subsp. rhynchophylla Qin pi Cortex Fraxini
Fraxinus stylosa Qin pi Cortex Fraxini
Fraxinus szaboana Qin pi Cortex Fraxini
Fritillaria cirrhosa Chuan bei mu Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae
Fritillaria delavayi Chuan bei mu Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae
Fritillaria przewalskii Chuan bei mu Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae
Fritillaria thunbergii Zhe bei mu Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii
Fritillaria unibracteata Chuan bei mu Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae
Gallus gallus domesticus Ji nei jin Endothelium Corneum Galli Gigerii
Ganoderma lucidum Ling zhi Ganoderma
Ganoderma sinense Ling zhi Ganoderma
Gardenia jasminoides Zhi zi Fructus Gardeniae
Gastrodia elata Tian ma Rhizoma Gastrodiae
Gekko gecko Ge jie Gecko
Gentiana manshurica Long dan Radix et Rhizoma Gentianae
Gentiana scabra Long dan Radix et Rhizoma Gentianae
Gentiana triflora Long dan Radix et Rhizoma Gentianae
Gentiana rigescens Long dan Radix et Rhizoma Gentianae
Gentiana macrophylla Qin jiao Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae
Geranium carolinianum Lao guan cao Herba Erodii
Geranium wilfordii Lao guan cao Herba Erodii
Gleditsia sinensis Da zao jiao; Zao jiao Fructus Gleditsiae Sinensis
Gleditsia sinensis Zao jiao ci Spina Gleditsiae
Glehnia littoralis Bei sha shen Radix Glehniae
Glycine max Dan dou chi Semen Sojae Preparatum
Glycine max Da dou huang juan Semen Sojae Germinatum
Glycine max Hei dou Semen Sojae Nigrum
Glycyrrhiza glabra Gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae
Glycyrrhiza glabra Zhi gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae Preparata cum Melle
Glycyrrhiza inflata Gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae
Glycyrrhiza inflata Zhi gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae Preparata cum Melle
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae
Glycyrrhiza uralensis Zhi gan cao Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae Preparata cum Melle
Gynostemma pentaphyllum Jiao gu lan Rhizoma seu Herba Gynostemmatis
Haliotis asinina Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Haliotis discus hannai Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Haliotis diversicolor Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Haliotis laevigata Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Haliotis ovina Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Haliotis ruber Shi jue ming Concha Haliotidis
Hansenia forbesii Qiang huo Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii
Hansenia weberbaueriana Qiang huo Rhizoma et Radix Notopterygii
Helminthostachys zeylanica Dao di wu gong Rhizoma Heliminthostachytis
Hierodula patellifera Sang piao xiao O├Âtheca mantidis
Hippophae rhamnoides Sha ji Fructus Hippophae
Hirudo nipponica Shui zhi Hirudo
Homalomena occulta Qian nian jian Rhizoma Homalomenae
Hordeum vulgare Mai ya Fructus Hordei Germinatus
Hordeum vulgare Yi tang Maltosum
Houttuynia cordata Yu xing cao Herba Houttuyniae
Huperzia serrata Jin bu huan Herba Lycopodii Serrati
Hypericum perforatum Guan ye lian qiao Herba Hyperici Perforati
Hyptis capitata Mo gu xiao Caulis Hyptis Capitatae
Hyriopsis cumingii Zhen zhu Margarita
Hyriopsis cumingii Zhen zhu mu Concha Margaritifera
Ilex pubescens Mao dong qing Radix Illicis Pubescentis
Illicium verum Ba jiao hui xiang Fructus Anisi Stellati
Imperata cylindrica Bai mao gen Rhizoma Imperatae
Inula britannica Xuan fu hua Flos Inulae
Iris domestica She gan Rhizoma Belamcandae
Isatis tinctoria Da qing ye Folium Isatidis
Isatis tinctoria Ban lan gen Radix Isatidis
Isatis tinctoria Qing dai Indigo Naturalis
Isodon rubescens Dong ling cao Herba Rabdosiae Rubescentis
Jasminum sambac Mo li hua Flos Jasmini Sambac
Juglans regia He tao ren; Hu tao ren Semen Juglandis
Justicia procumbens Shu wei huang Herba Rostellulariae
Lablab purpureus Bai bian dou Semen Lablab Album
Laminaria japonica Kun bu; Hai dai Thallus Laminariae Eckloniae
Lasiosphaera fenzlii Ma bo Lasiosphaera Calvatia
Leonurus japonicus Chong wei zi Fructus Leonuri
Leonurus japonicus Yi mu cao Herba Leonuri
Lepidium apetalum Ting li zi Semen Lepidii
Leucas mollissima var. chinensis Hu yao huang Herba Leucas Mollissimae
Ligusticum sinense cv. chuanxiong Chuan xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong
Ligusticum sinense var. sinense Gao ben Rhizoma et Radix Ligustici
Ligusticum sinense Gao ben Rhizoma et Radix Ligustici
Ligusticum jeholense Gao ben Rhizoma et Radix Ligustici
Ligustrum lucidum Nu zhen zi Fructus Ligustri Lucidi
Lilium brownii Bai he Bulbus Lilii
Lilium brownii var. viridulum Bai he Bulbus Lilii
Lilium lancifolium Bai he Bulbus Lilii
Lilium pumilum Bai he Bulbus Lilii
Lindera aggregata Wu yao Radix Linderae
Lindernia anagallis Ding jing cao Herba Linderniae
Linum usitatissimum Ya ma zi Semen Lini
Liquidambar formosana Lu lu tong Fructus Liquidambaris
Litchi chinensis Li zhi he Semen Litchi
Lonicera japonica Jin yin hua Flos Lonicerae Japonicae
Lonicera japonica Ren dong teng Caulis Lonicerae Japonicae
Lophatherum gracile Dan zhu ye Herba Lophatheri
Ludwigia prostrata Shui ding xiang Herba Ludwigiae Prostratae
Luffa aegyptiaca Si gua luo Retinervus Luffae Fructus
Lycium barbarum Di gu pi Cortex Lycii
Lycium barbarum Gou qi zi Fructus Lycii
Lycium chinense Di gu pi Cortex Lycii
Lycopodium japonicum Shen jin cao Herba Lycopodii
Lycopus lucidus var. hirtus Ze lan Herba Lycopi
Magnolia biondii Xin yi Flos Magnoliae
Magnolia denudata Xin yi Flos Magnoliae
Magnolia officinalis Hou po Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis
Magnolia officinalis var. biloba Hou po Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis
Magnolia sprengeri Xin yi Flos Magnoliae
Mentha canadensis Bo he Herba Menthae Haplocalycis
Mimosa pudica Han xiu cao gen Radix Mimosae Pudicae
Morinda officinalis Ba ji tian Radix Morindae Officinalis
Morus alba Sang bai pi Cortex Mori
Morus alba Sang ye Folium Mori
Morus alba Sang shen zi Fructus Mori
Morus alba Sang zhi Ramulus Mori
Mosla chinensis Xiang ru Herba Moslae
Myristica fragrans Rou dou kou Semen Myristicae
Myosoton aquaticum Cha chi huang Herba Stellariae Aquaticae
Nandina domestica Tian zhu zi Fructus Nandinae Domesticae
Nelumbo nucifera He ye Folium Nelumbinis
Nelumbo nucifera Ou jie Nodus Nelumbinis Rhizomatis
Nelumbo nucifera Lian zi Semen Nelumbinus
Nelumbo nucifera Lian xu Stamen Nelumbinis
Nelumbo nucifera Lian zi xin Plumula Nelumbinis
Nelumbo nucifera Lian fang Receptaculum Nelumbinis
Neopicrorhiza scrophulariiflora Hu huang lian Rhizoma Picrorhizae
Nepeta tenuifolia Jing jie Herba Schizonepetae
Ocimum basilicum Jiu ceng ta Herba Ocimi Basilic
Oldenlandia diffusa Bai hua she she cao Herba Hedyotis Diffusae
Ophiocordyceps sinensis Dong chong xia cao Cordyceps (wild)
Ophiopogon japonicus Mai dong; Mai men dong Radix Ophiopogonis
Oroxylum indicum Mu hu die Semen Oroxyli
Oryza sativa Dao ya Fructus Oryzae Germinatus
Oryza sativa Geng mi Semen Oryzae
Oryza sativa Yi tang Maltosum
Paecilomyces hepiali Fa jiao chong cao jun fen Cordyceps (cultured)
Paeonia anomala subsp. veitchii Chi shao Radix Paeoniae Rubra
Paeonia lactiflora Chi shao Radix Paeoniae Rubra
Paeonia lactiflora Bai shao Radix Paeoniae Alba
Paeonia obovata Chi shao Radix Paeoniae Rubra
Paeonia suffruticosa Mu dan pi Cortex Moutan
Palaeoloxodon nomadicus Long gu Os Draconis
Panax ginseng Ren shen Radix et Rhizoma Ginseng
Panax notoginseng San qi Radix et Rhizoma Notoginseng
Panax quinquefolius Xi yang shen Radix Panacis Quinquefolii
Paris polyphylla Chong lou; Zao xiu Rhizoma Paridis
Paris polyphylla var. chinensis Chong lou; Zao xiu Rhizoma Paridis
Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis Chong lou; Zao xiu Rhizoma Paridis
Patrinia scabiosifolia Bai jiang cao Herba Patriniae
Pelodiscus sinensis Bie jia Carapax Trionycis
Pelodiscus sinensis Bie jia jiao Colla Carapax Trionycis
Perilla frutescens Zi su geng Caulis Perillae
Perilla frutescens Zi su ye Folium Perillae
Perilla frutescens Zi su zi Fructus Perillae
Persicaria tinctoria Qing dai Indigo Naturalis
Peucedanum praeruptorum Qian hu Radix Peucedani
Phellodendron amurense Guan huang bo Cortex Phellodendri Amurensis
Phellodendron chinense Huang bo Cortex Phellodendri Chinensis
Pheretima aspergillum Di long Pheretima
Pheretima guillelmi Di long Pheretima
Pheretima pectinifera Di long Pheretima
Pheretima vulgaris Di long Pheretima
Phragmites australis Lu gen Rhizoma Phragmitis
Phyla nodiflora Ya she huang Herba Lippiae
Physalis angulata Pao zai cao Herba Physalis Angulatae
Phyllolobium chinense Sha yuan zi Semen Astragali Complanati
Phyllostachys nigra Zhu ru Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam
Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis Zhu li Succus Bambusae
Phyllostachys nigra var. henonis Zhu ye Herba Phyllostachys
Piper longum** Bi bo Fructus Piperis Longui
Planostrea pestigris Mu li Concha Ostreae
Platycladus orientalis Ce bai ye Cacumen Platycladi
Platycladus orientalis Bai zi ren Semen Platycladi
Platycodon grandiflorus Jie geng Radix Platycodonis
Pleione bulbocodioides Shan ci gu Pseudobulbus Cremastrae Pleione
Pleione yunnanensis Shan ci gu Pseudobulbus Cremastrae Pleione
Pogostemon cablin Guang huo xiang Herba Pogostemonis
Pogostemon cablin Guang huo xiang you Oleum Pogostemonis
Polygala tenuifolia Yuan zhi Radix Polygalae
Polygonatum cirrhifolium Huang jing Rhizoma Polygonati
Polygonatum cyrtonema Huang jing Rhizoma Polygonati
Polygonatum kingianum Huang jing Rhizoma Polygonati
Polygonatum odoratum Yu zhu Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati
Polygonatum sibiricum Huang jing Rhizoma Polygonati
Portulaca oleracea Ma chi xian Herba Portulacae
Propolis Feng jiao Propolis
Prunella vulgaris Xia ku cao Spica Prunellae
Prunus mume Wu mei Fructus Mume
Pseudostellaria heterophylla Tai zi shen Radix Pseudostellariae
Pteria martensii Zhen zhu Margarita
Pteria martensii Zhen zhu mu Concha Margaritiferae
Pteris multifida Feng wei cao Herba Pteris
Ptyas dhumnades Wu shao she Zaocys
Pueraria montana var. lobata Ge hua Flos Puerariae
Pyrola calliantha Lu xian cao Herba Pyrolae
Pyrola decorata Lu xian cao Herba Pyrolae
Pyrola rotundifolia Lu xian cao Herba Pyrolae
Pyrrosia lingua Shi wei Folium Pyrrosiae
Pyrrosia petiolosa Shi wei Folium Pyrrosiae
Pyrrosia sheareri Shi wei Folium Pyrrosiae
Ranunclus ternatus Mao zhao cao Radix Ranunculi Ternati
Raphanus sativus Lai fu zi Semen Raphani
Rehmannia glutinosa Sheng di huang Radix Rehmanniae
Rehmannia glutinosa Shu di huang Radix Rehmanniae Preparata
Reynoutria japonica Hu zhang Rhizoma et Radix Polygoni Cuspidati
Reynoutria multiflora He shou wu; Sheng he shou wu Radix Polygoni Multiflori (non preparata)
Reynoutria multiflora Zhi he shou wu Radix Polygoni Multiflorum Praeparata
Reynoutria multiflora Shou wu teng Caulis Polygoni Multiflori
Rhaponticum uniflorum Lou lu Radix Rhapontici
Rhodiola crenulata Hong jing tian Radix et Rhizoma Rhodiolae Crenulatae
Rhus chinensis Wu bei zi Galla Chinensis
Rhus potaninii Wu bei zi Galla Chinensis
Rhus punjabensis var. sinica Wu bei zi Galla Chinensis
Rosa laevigata Jin ying zi Fructus Rosae Laevigatae
Rubia cordifolia Qian cao Radix Rubiae
Rubus chingii Fu pen zi Fructus Rubi
Salvia chinensis Shi jian chuan Herba Salviae Chinensis
Salvia miltiorrhiza Dan shen Radix et Rhizoma Salviae Miltiorrhizae
Sambucus chinensis Mo gu xiao Caulis Hyptis Capitatae
Sanguisorba officinalis Di yu Radix Sanguisorbae
Santalum album Tan xiang Lignum Santali Albi
Saposhnikovia divaricata Fang feng Radix Saposhnikoviae
Sarcandra glabra Zhong jie feng Herba Sarcandrae
Sargassum fusiforme Hai zao Sargassum
Sargassum pallidum Hai zao Sargassum
Sargentodoxa cuneata Da xue teng Caulis Sargentodoxae
Saussurea costus Mu xiang Radix Aucklandiae
Scaphium affine Pang da hai Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae
Schefflera arboricola Qi ye lian Radix Schefflerae
Schefflera leucantha Qi ye lian Radix Schefflerae
Schisandra sphenanthera Nan wu wei zi Fructus Schisandrae Sphenanthera
Schisandra chinensis Wu wei zi Fructus Schisandrae Chinensis
Schizostachyum chinense Tian zhu huang Concretio Silicea Bambusae
Scrophularia ningpoensis Xuan shen Radix Scrophulariae
Scutellaria baicalensis Huang qin Radix Scutellariae
Scutellaria barbata Ban zhi lian Herba Scutellariae Barbatae
Selaginella pulvinata Juan bai Herba Selaginellae
Selaginella tamariscina Juan bai Herba Selaginellae
Senegalia catechu Er cha Catechu
Sepia esculenta Hai piao xiao Endoconcha Sepiae
Sepiella inermis Hai piao xiao Endoconcha Sepiae
Sesamum indicum Ma you Oleum Sesami
Sesamum indicum Hei zhi ma Semen Sesami Nigrum
Setaria italica Gu ya Fructus Setariae Germinatus
Setaria italica Yi tang Maltosum
Siegesbeckia glabrescens Xi xian cao Herba Siegesbeckiae
Siegesbeckia orientalis Xi xian cao Herba Siegesbeckiae
Siegesbeckia pubescens Xi xian cao Herba Siegesbeckiae
Silybum marianum Shui fei ji Fructus Silybi
Sinapis alba Bai jie zi; Jie zi Semen Sinapis
Sinocrassula indica Shi lian zi Herba Sinocrassulae Indicae
Siraitia grosvenorii Luo han guo Fructus Momordicae
Smilax glabra Tu fu ling Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae
Sodium sulfate Xuan ming fen Natrii Sulfas Exsiccatus
Sodium sulfate decahydrate Mang xiao Natrii Sulfas
Solanum nigrum Long kui Herba Solani Nigri
Solidago decurrens Ye zhi huang hua Herba Solidaginis
Sophora flavescens Ku shen Radix Sophorae Flavescentis
Sparganium eurycarpum San leng Rhizoma Sparganii
Spatholobus suberectus Ji xue teng Caulis Spatholobi
Spirodela polyrhiza Fu ping Herba Spirodelae
Statilia maculata Sang piao xiao Oötheca mantidis
Stellaria dichotoma var. lanceolata Yin chai hu Radix Stellariae
Stemona japonica Bai bu Radix Stemonae
Stemona sessilifolia Bai bu Radix Stemonae
Stemona tuberosa Bai bu Radix Stemonae
Strobilanthes cusia Qing dai Indigo Naturalis
Styphnolobium japonicum Huai jiao Fructus Sophorae
Styphnolobium japonicum Huai hua Flos Sophorae
Styrax tonkinensis An xi xiang Benzoinum
Syzygium aromaticum Ding xiang Flos Caryophylli
Taraxacum mongolicum Pu gong ying Herba Taraxaci
Taraxacum sinicum Pu gong ying Herba Taraxaci
Taxillus chinensis Sang ji sheng Herba Taxilli
Taxillus sutchuenensis Sang ji sheng Herba Taxilli
Tegillarca granosa Wa leng zi Concha Arcae
Tenodera sinensis Sang piao xiao Oötheca mantidis
Terminalia chebula He zi Fructus Chebulae
Tetradium ruticarpum Wu zhu yu Fructus Euodiae
Tinospora sagittata Jin guo lan Radix Tinosporae
Tinospora sinensis Kuan jin teng Caulis Tinosporae Sinenis
Trachemys scripta elegans Gui ban; Gui jia Testudinis Carapax et Plastrum
Trametes versicolor Yun zhi Coriolus
Tribulus terrestris Ji li Fructus Tribuli
Trichosanthes kirilowii Gua lou; Gua lou shi Fructus Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes rosthornii Gua lou; Gua lou shi Fructus Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes kirilowii Gua lou ren; Gua lou zhi Semen Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes rosthornii Gua lou ren; Gua lou zhi Semen Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes kirilowii Gua lou pi Pericarpium Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes rosthornii Gua lou pi Pericarpium Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes kirilowii Gua lou gen; Tian hua fen Radix Trichosanthis
Trichosanthes rosthornii Gua lou gen; Tian hua fen Radix Trichosanthis
Trigonella foenum-graecum Hu lu ba Semen Trigonellae
Triticum aestivum Fu xiao mai Semen Tritici Aestivi Levis
Triticum aestivum Xiao mai Fructus Tritici
Triticum aestivum Yi tang Maltosum
Trogopterus xanthipes Wu ling zhi Excrementum Trogopteri seu Pteromi
Typha angustifolia Pu huang Pollen Typhae
Typha orientalis Pu huang Pollen Typhae
Uncaria gambir Er cha Catechu
Uncaria hirsuta Gou teng Ramulus cum Uncis Uncariae
Uncaria macrophylla Gou teng Ramulus cum Uncis Uncariae
Uncaria rhynchophylla Gou teng Ramulus cum Uncis Uncariae
Uncaria sessilifructus Gou teng Ramulus cum Uncis Uncariae
Uncaria sinensis Gou teng Ramulus cum Uncis Uncariae
Vaccaria hispanica subsp. hispanica Wang bu liu xing Semen Vaccariae
Valeriana officinalis Xie cao Radix et Rhizoma Valerianae
Verbena officinalis Ma bian cao Herba Verbenae
Vigna radiata var. radiata Lu dou Semen Phaseoli Radiati
Vincetoxicum atratum Bai wei Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Atrati
Vincetoxicum pycnostelma Xu chang qing Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Paniculati
Vincetoxicum stauntonii Bai qian Rhizoma et Radix Cynanchi Stauntonii
Vincetoxicum versicolor Bai wei Radix et Rhizoma Cynanchi Atrati
Viola philippica var. philippica Zi hua di ding Herba Violae
Vitex rotundifolia Man jing zi Fructus Viticis
Vitex trifolia Man jing zi Fructus Viticis
Whitmania acranulata Shui zhi Hirudo
Whitmania pigra Shui zhi Hirudo
Wolfiporia extensa Fu ling pi Cutis Poriae
Wolfiporia extensa Fu shen Sclerotium Pararadicus Poriae
Zanthoxylum bungeanum Hua jiao Pericarpium Zanthoxyli
Zanthoxylum nitidum Liang mian zhen Radix Zanthoxyli
Zanthoxylum schinifolium Hua jiao Pericarpium Zanthoxyli
Zea mays Yu mi xu Stigma Maydis
Zea mays Yi tang Maltosum
Zingiber officinale Gan jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis
Zingiber officinale Pao jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis Preparatum
Zingiber officinale Sheng jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens
Zingiber officinale Sheng jiang pi Pericarpium Zingiberis Recens
Ziziphus jujuba Da zao Fructus Jujubae
Ziziphus jujuba var.spinosa Suan zao ren Semen Ziziphi Spinosae

Table 2: Medicinal Ingredients with diuretic or stimulant laxative properties
Proper name(s) Common name(s) (Pinyin) Pharmacopoeial name*
Ingredients with diuretic properties

Table 1 Footnotes

Table 2 Footnote 1

The Pharmacopoeial name is the ingredient name found in the NHPID.

Return to Table 1 footnote * referrer

Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. orientale Ze xie Rhizoma Alismatis
Bassia scoparia Di fu zi Fructus Kochiae
Benincasa hispida Dong gua pi Exocarpium Benincasae
Clematis armandii Chuan mu tong Caulis Clematidis Armandii
Clematis montana Chuan mu tong Caulis Clematidis Armandii
Coix lacryma-jobi var. ma-yuen Yi yi ren Semen Coicis
Dianthus superbus Qu mai Herba Dianthi
Desmodium styracifolium Guang jin qian cao Herba Desmodii Styracifolii
Juncus effusus Deng xin cao Medulla Junci
Lygodium japonicum Hai jin sha Spora Lygodii
Lysimachia christinae Jin qian cao Herba Lysmachiae
Plantago asiatica Che qian cao Herba Plantaginis
Plantago asiatica Che qian zi Semen Plantaginis
Plantago depressa Che qian cao Herba Plantaginis
Plantago depressa Che qian zi Semen Plantaginis
Polygonum aviculare Bian xu Herba Polygoni Avicularis
Polyporus umbellatus Zhu ling Polyporus
Stephania tetrandra Fang ji Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae
Tetrapanax papyrifer Tong cao Medulla Tetrapanacis
Vigna angularis Chi xiao dou Semen Phaseoli
Vigna umbellata Chi xiao dou Semen Phaseoli
Wolfiporia extensa Fu ling Poria
Wolfiporia extensa Chi fu ling Poria Rubra
Ingredients with stimulant laxative properties
Aloe ferox Lu hui Aloe
Aloe vera Lu hui Aloe
Rheum officinale Da huang Radix et Rhizoma Rhei
Rheum palmatum Da huang Radix et Rhizoma Rhei
Rheum tanguticum Da huang Radix et Rhizoma Rhei
Senna obtusifolia Jue ming zi Semen Cassiae
Senna alexandrina Fan xie ye Folium Sennae
Senna tora Jue ming zi Semen Cassiae


Table 3: Medicinal Ingredients that are only allowable when prepared/used according to the specifications/comments outlined in the NHPID
Proper name(s) Common name(s) (Pinyin) Pharmacopoeial name*

Table 3 Footnotes

Table 3 Footnote 1

The Pharmacopoeial name is the ingredient name found in the NHPID.

Return to Table 3 footnote * referrer

Aconitum carmichaelii Zhi chuan wu Radix Aconiti Preparata
Aconitum carmichaelii Zhi fu zi Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata
Aconitum kusnezoffii Zhi cao wu Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii Preparata
Acorus calamus Zang chang pu Rhizoma Acori Calami
Acorus gramineus Shi chang pu Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii
Anemone altaica Jiu jie chang pu Rhizoma Anemones Altaicae
Arisaema amurense Zhi tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis Preparata
Arisaema erubescens Zhi tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis Preparata
Arisaema heterophyllum Zhi tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis Preparata
Artemisia annua Qing hao Herba Artemisiae Annuae
Artemisia anomala Liu ji nu Herba Artemisiae Anomalae
Artemisia argyi Ai ye Folium Artemisiae Argyi
Artemisia capillaris Yin chen Herba Artemisiae Scopariae
Artemisia scoparia Yin chen Herba Artemisiae Scopariae
Buthus martensii Quan xie Scorpio
Calcium fluoride Zi shi ying Fluoritum
Cannabis sativa Huo ma ren Semen Cannabis
Chinemys reevesii Gui ban; Gui jia Testudinis Carapax et Plastrum
Chinemys reevesii Gui jia jiao Testudinis Carapax et Plastrum Colla
Cibotium barometz Gou ji Rhizoma Cibotii
Cistanche deserticola Rou cong rong Herba Cistanches
Cistanche salsa Rou cong rong Herba Cistanches
Cistanche tubulosa Rou cong rong Herba Cistanches
Cremastra appendiculata Shan ci gu Pseudobulbus Cremastrae Pleione
Ephedra equisetina Ma huang Herba Ephedrae
Ephedra intermedia Ma huang Herba Ephedrae
Ephedra sinica Ma huang Herba Ephedrae
Ginkgo biloba Yin xing ye Folium Ginkgo
Ginkgo biloba Bai guo Semen Ginkgo
Gypsum fibrosum Shi gao Gypsum Fibrosum
Lithospermum erythrorhizon Zi cao gen Radix Lithospermi
Massa medicata fermentata Shen qu Massa Medicata Fermentata
Massa medicata fermentata (Guangdong Shenqu) Guangdong Shenqu Massa Medicata Fermentata (Guangdong Shenqu)
Menispermum dauricum Bei dou gen Rhizoma Menispermi
Mentha canadensis Bo he su you Oleum Menthae Dementholatum
l-Menthol Bo he nao Mentholum
Ocimum gratissimum Dingxiang Luoleyou Oleum Ocimi Gratissimi
Pinellia ternata Fa ban xia; Zhi ban xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Preparatum
Pinellia ternata Qing ban xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Preparatum cum Alumine
Pinellia ternata Jiang ban xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Preparatum cum Zingibere et Alumina
Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Ku xing ren Semen Armeniacae Amarum
Prunus armeniaca Ku xing ren Semen Armeniacae Amarum
Prunus sibirica Ku xing ren Semen Armeniacae Amarum
Prunus humilis Yu li ren Semen Pruni
Prunus japonica Yu li ren Semen Pruni
Prunus pedunculata Yu li ren Semen Pruni
Prunus davidiana Tao ren Semen Persicae
Prunus persica Tao ren Semen Persicae
Pueraria montana var. lobata Ge gen Radix Puerariae Lobatae
Red yeast rice Hong qu Monascus
Scolopendra subspinipes mutilans Wu gong Scolopendra
Stephania tetrandra Fang ji Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae
Succinum Hu po Succinum
Talcum Hua shi Talcum
Tussilago farfara Kuan dong hua Flos Farfarae
Typhonium giganteum Bai fu zi Rhizoma Typhonii
Xanthium sibiricum Cang er zi Fructus Xanthii

Table 4: Medicinal Ingredients that are only allowable for topical use
Proper name(s) Common name(s) (Pinyin) Pharmacopoeial name*

Table 4 Footnotes

Table 4 Footnote 1

The Pharmacopoeial name is the ingredient name found in the NHPID.

Return to Table 4 footnote * referrer

Arisaema amurense Tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis
Arisaema erubescens Tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis
Arisaema heterophyllum Tian nan xing Rhizoma Arisaematis
Borneolum syntheticum Bing pian Borneolum Syntheticum
Cinnamomum camphora Tian ran bing pian Borneolum
Dryobalanops aromatica Tian ran bing pian Borneolum
Parapolybia varia Feng fang Nidus Vespae
Polistes jokahamae Feng fang Nidus Vespae
Polistes olivaceus Feng fang Nidus Vespae
Wikstroemia indica Pu yin Radix Wikstroemia Indica