Health Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada
Drugs and Health Products

PEPPERMINT - MENTHA X PIPERITA

Help on accessing alternative formats, such as Portable Document Format (PDF), Microsoft Word and PowerPoint (PPT) files, can be obtained in the alternate format help section.

This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.

Notes

  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.

Date

August 28, 2018

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)

Peppermint dried leaf

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation(s)

Mentha x piperita

Peppermint

Mentha x piperita

Leaf

Dried

References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Common name: McGuffin et al. 2000; Source material: ESCOP 2003.

Peppermint essential oil

Table 2. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s)

Mentha x piperita

Peppermint essential oil

Mentha x piperita

Leaf

References: Proper name: USDA 2018; Source material: ESCOP 2003.

Route of Administration

Oral

Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for the age category listed in this monograph and specified route of administration are indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

All products

  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to aid digestion (stomachic) (Boon and Smith 2004; Blumenthal et al. 2000; Felter and Lloyd 1983).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve flatulent dyspepsia (carminative) (ESCOP 2003; Hoffmann 2003; Bradley 1992; Felter and Lloyd 1983).

The following combined use(s) or purpose(s) is/are also acceptable:

  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to aid in digestion (stomachic) and help relieve flatulent dyspepsia (carminative) (Boon and Smith 2004; ESCOP 2003; Hoffmann 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000; Bradley 1992; Felter and Lloyd 1983).

Essential oil

Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve nausea and vomiting (Boon and Smith 2004; Hoffmann 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000; Felter and Lloyd 1983).

Note

Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".

Dose(s)

Subpopulation(s)

As specified below.

Quantity(ies)

Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardised Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

Table 3. Dose information for peppermint dried leaf presented as dose (grams) per day
Subpopulation(s)1,2 Peppermint dried leaf (g/day)
Minimum Maximum
Children
2-4 years 0.2 2
5-9 years 0.3 3
10-11 years 0.6 6
Adolescents
12-14 years 0.6 6
15-17 years 1.2 12
Adults
18 years and older1.212

Table 2 Footnotes

Table 2 Footnote 1

Children and adolescent doses were calculated as a fraction of the adult dose (JC 2008). The use of peppermint leaf in children and adolescents is supported by the following references: McIntyre 2005; Bove 1996.

Return to Table 2 footnote1

Table 2 Footnote 2

Adult dose supported by the following references: Mills and Bone 2005; ESCOP 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000; Bradley 1992.

Return to Table 2 footnote2

Methods of preparation: Oil, Essential (water steam distillation)

Table 4. Dose information for peppermint essential oil presented as dose (microliters) per day
Subpopulation(s)1,2 Peppermint essential oil (?l/day)
Minimum Maximum
Children
2-4 years 10 130
5-9 years 15 200
10-11 years 30 400
Adolescents
12-14 years 30 400
15-17 years 60 800
Adults
18 years and older60800

Table 2 Footnotes

Table 2 Footnote 1

Children and adolescent doses were calculated as a proportion of the adult dose (JC 2008). The use of peppermint essential oil in children and adolescents is supported by the following references: McIntyre 2005; Bove 1996.

Return to Table 2 footnote1

Table 2 Footnote 2

Adult dose supported by the following references: ESCOP 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000.

Return to Table 2 footnote2

Direction(s) for use

No statement required.

Duration(s) of Use

No statement required.

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)

All products

  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/ physician if symptoms persist or worsen.
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/ physician prior to use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or have gallstones or anaemia (Brinker 2010; Mills and Bone 2005; Blumenthal et al. 2000).

Essential oil

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use prior to use if you have hiatus hernia or gastroesophageal reflux (Brinker 2010; Mills and Bone 2005; ESCOP 2003).

Contraindication(s)

No statement required.

Known adverse reaction(s)

Essential oil

  • Some people may experience gastroesophageal reflux (Brinker 2010; Mills and Bone 2005; ESCOP 2003).
  • Stop use if hypersensitivity/allergy occurs (Mills and Bone 2005; ESCOP 2003).

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

References cited

  • Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinkmann J, editors. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Boston (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000.
  • Boon H, Smith MJ. The Complete Natural Medicine Guide to the 50 Most Common Medicinal Herbs, 2nd edition. Toronto (ON): Robert Rose Inc; 2004.
  • Bove M. An Encyclopedia of Natural Healing for Children and Infants. New Canaan (CT): Keats Publishing, Incorporated; 1996.
  • Bradley PR, editor. British Herbal Compendium: A Handbook of Scientific Information on Widely Used Plant Drugs, Volume 1. Bournemouth (UK): British Herbal Medicine Association; 1992.
  • Brinker F. Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions, 4th edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 2010.
  • EMEA/CHMP 2006: European Medicines Agency: Pre-authorization Evaluation of Medicines for Human Use. Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use. Reflection Paper: Formulations of choice for the paediatric population. Adopted September 2006.[Accessed 2018 June 18]. Available from: http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Scientific_guideline/2009/09/WC500003782.pdf
  • ESCOP 2003: ESCOP Monographs: The Scientific Foundation for Herbal Medicinal Products, 2nd edition. Exeter (UK): European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy and Thieme; 2003.
  • Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory, Volume 2, 18th edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 1983 [Reprint of 1898 original].
  • Giacoia GP, Taylor-Zapata P, Mattison D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Pediatric Formulation Initiative: selected reports from working groups. Clinical Therapeutics 2008; 30(11):2097-2101.
  • Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester (VT): Healing Arts Press; 2003.
  • JC 2008: Justice Canada. Food and Drug Regulations. (C.01.021). Ottawa (ON): Justice Canada; 2008. [Accessed 2018 June 18] Available from: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/c.r.c.,_c._870/page-110.html#h-156
  • McGuffin M, Kartesz JT, Leung AY, Tucker AO, editors. Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition. Silver Spring (MD): American Herbal Products Association; 2000.
  • McIntyre A. Herbal Treatment of Children - Western and Ayurvedic Perspectives. Toronto (ON): Elsevier Limited; 2005.
  • Mills S, Bone K. The Essential Guide to Herbal Safety. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2005.
  • USDA 2018: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Mentha piperita L. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville (MD). [Accessed 2018 June 18]. Available from: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl