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Drugs and Health Products

JUNIPER - JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.

Notes

  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.

Date

July 1, 2019

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source material(s)
Proper name(s) Part(s) Preparation

Juniperus communis

  • Common juniper
  • Juniper

Juniperus communis

Fruit

Dried

References: Proper name: USDA 2019; Common names: McGuffin et al. 2000; Source material: Bradley 2006, ESCOP 2003, Hoffmann 2003, Blumenthal et al. 2000.

Route of Administration

Oral

Dosage Form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for any age category listed in this monograph for the specified route of administration are listed in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a diuretic (ESCOP 2003; Felter and Lloyd 1983).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as a urinary tract antiseptic to help relieve benign urinary tract infections (Bradley 2006; Hoffmann 2003; Felter and Lloyd 1983).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve digestive disturbances (such as flatulent dyspepsia) (carminative) (Bradley 2006, ESCOP 2003, Hoffmann 2003, Blumenthal et al. 2000, Felter and Lloyd 1983).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to aid digestion and stimulate appetite (stomachic) (Bradley 2006, Hoffmann 2003, Grieve 1971).

The following combined use(s) or purpose(s) is/are also acceptable:

Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to aid digestion, stimulate appetite (stomachic) and help relieve digestive disturbances (such as flatulent dyspepsia) (carminative) (Bradley 2006; ESCOP 2003; Hoffmann 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000; Felter and Lloyd 1983; Grieve 1971).

Note
Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".

Dose(s)

Subpopulation(s)

Adults 18 years and older

Quantity(ies)

Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion)

0.3 - 12 grams of dried fruit, per day (Bradley 2006; ESCOP 2003; Hoffmann 2003; Blumenthal et al. 2000)

Direction(s) for use

No statement required.

Duration(s) of Use

Diuretic

For occasional use only (Berardi et al. 2002; CPA 2002).

Other uses

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 4 weeks (ESCOP 2003; Brinker 2001).

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)

  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/ physician if symptoms persist or worsen.
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/ physician prior to use if you are breastfeeding (Mills et al. 2006).

Contraindication(s)

Do not use this product if you are pregnant or have a kidney disorder (Bradley 2006; ESCOP 2003; Hoffmann 2003; Brinker 2001).

Known adverse reaction(s)

No statement required.

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

References Cited

  • Berardi RR, DeSimone EM, Newton GD, Oszko MA, Popovich NG, Rollins CJ, Shimp LA, Tietze KJ, editors. Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care, 13th edition. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association; 2002.
  • Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinkmann J, editors. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Boston (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000.
  • Bradley PR, editor. British Herbal Compendium: A Handbook of Scientific Information on Widely Used Plant Drugs, Volume 2. Bournemouth (UK): British Herbal Medicine Association; 2006.
  • Brinker F. Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions, 3rd edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 2001.
  • CPA 2002: Canadian Pharmacists Association. Patient Self-Care. Helping Patients Make Therapeutic Choices. Ottawa (ON): Canadian Pharmacists Association; 2002.
  • ESCOP 2003: ESCOP Monographs: The Scientific Foundation for Herbal Medicinal Products, 2nd edition. Exeter (UK): European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy and Thieme; 2003.
  • Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory, Volume 2, 18th edition. Sandy (OR): Eclectic Medical Publications; 1983 [Reprint of 1898 original].
  • Grieve M. A Modern Herbal, Volume 2. New York (NY): Dover Publications; 1971 [Reprint of 1931 Harcourt, Brace & Company publication].
  • Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester (VT): Healing Arts Press; 2003.
  • McGuffin M, Kartesz JT, Leung AY, Tucker AO, editors. Herbs of Commerce, 2nd edition. Silver Spring (MD): American Herbal Products Association; 2000.
  • Mills E, Dugoua J, Perri D, Koren G. Herbal Medicines in Pregnancy and Lactation: An Evidence-Based Approach. London (UK): Taylor and Francis Medical; 2006.
  • Wichtl M, editor. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals: A Handbook for Practice on a Scientific Basis, 3rd edition. Stuttgart (D): Medpharm GmbH Scientific Publishers; 2004.
  • USDA 2019: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Juniperus communis L. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville (MD). [Accessed 2019 May 8]. Available from: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx

References Reviewed

  • Barnes J, Anderson LA, Philipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd edition. London (UK): The Pharmaceutical Press; 2007.
  • Robbers JE, Tyler VE. Tyler's Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. New York, NY: The Haworth Herbal Press, 1999
  • Sanchez de Medina F, Gamez MJ, Jimenez I, Jimenez J, Osuna JI, Zarzuelo A. Hypoglycemic activity of Juniper berries. Planta Medica 1994; 60: 197-200.