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Drugs and Health Products

SWEET FENNEL - FOENICULUM VULGARE

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredient.

Notes

  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.

Date

October 30, 2018

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information
Proper name(s) Common name(s)
Source information
Source material(s) Part(s) Preparation(s)

Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce

  • Roman fennel
  • Sweet fennel

Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce

Seed

Dried and crushed

References: Proper name: USDA 2018, EMEA 2007; Common names: USDA 2018, EMEA 2007; Source information: EMEA 2007.

Route of Administration

Oral (EMEA 2007)

Dosage Form(s)

This monograph is not intended to include foods or food-like dosage forms such as bars, chewing gums or beverages.

Acceptable dosage forms by age group:

Children 4-5 years: The acceptable dosage forms are limited to chewables, emulsion/suspension, powders and solution/liquid preparations (Giacoia et al. 2008; EMEA/CHMP 2006).

Children 6-11 years, Adolescents 12-17 years, and Adults 18 years and older: The acceptable dosage forms for this age category and specified route of administration are indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve digestive upset including bloating and flatulence (EMEA 2007).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve the pain associated with menstruation (EMEA 2007).
  • Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine as an expectorant to help relieve coughs associated with colds (EMEA 2007).

The following combined use(s) or purpose(s) is/are also acceptable:

Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine to help relieve the pain associated with menstruation and digestive upset including bloating and flatulence (EMEA 2007).

Note

Claims for traditional use must include the term "Herbal Medicine", "Traditional Chinese Medicine", or "Ayurveda".

Dose(s)

Subpopulation(s)

Children 4-11 years, Adolescents 12-17 years and Adults 18 years and older (EMEA 2007).

Quantity(ies)

Children 4-11 years

Methods of preparation: Dry, Infusion

3-5 grams of comminuted (crushed) dried seed, per day; Not to exceed 1.6 grams per single dose (EMEA 2007).

Note: Comminuted (crushed) dried seeds should be prepared as an infusion (see direction for use).

Adolescents 12-17 years and Adults 18 year and older

Methods of preparation: Dry, Powder, Non-Standardised Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract).

1.2 grams of comminuted (crushed) dried seed, per day; Not to exceed 0.4 grams per single dose (EMEA 2007).

Methods of preparation: Dry, Infusion

4.5 -7.5 grams of comminuted (crushed) dried seed, per day; Not to exceed 2.5 grams per single dose (EMEA 2007).

Note: Comminuted (crushed) dried seeds should be prepared as an infusion (see direction for use).

Direction(s) for use

Dried seeds

Pour 250 ml (1 cup) of boiling water over seed and infuse for 15 minutes (EMEA 2007).

Duration(s) of Use

Children 4-11 years

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 1 week (EMEA 2007).

Adolescents 12-17 years and Adults 18 years and older

Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 2 weeks (EMEA 2007).

Risk Information

Caution(s) and warning(s)

  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician if symptoms persist or worsen (EMEA 2007).
  • Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding (EMEA 2007).

Contraindication(s)

No statement required.

Known adverse reaction(s)

Stop use if hypersensitivity/allergy occurs (EMEA 2007).

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID) and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

No statement required.

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the Natural and Non-prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • The medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.

References Cited

  • EMEA 2007. European Medicines Agency. Community Monograph on Foeniculum vulgare Miller. London (UK): EMEA Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), 6 August 2007. [Accessed 2018 August 14]. Available from: http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal_-_Community_herbal_monograph/2009/12/WC500018540.pdf
  • EMEA/CHMP 2006: European Medicines Agency: Pre-authorization Evaluation of Medicines for Human Use. Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use. Reflection Paper: Formulations of choice for the paediatric population. [Accessed 2018 June 1]. Available from: http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Scientific_guideline/2009/09/WC500003782.pdf
  • Giacoia GP, Taylor-Zapata P, Mattison D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Pediatric Formulation Initiative: selected reports from working groups. Clinical Therapeutics 2008; 30(11):2097-2101
  • USDA 2018: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Foeniculum vulgare Miller subs. vulgare. var. dulce. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville (MD). [Accessed 2018 August 14]. Available from: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx