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Drugs and Health Products

Antioxidants

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This monograph is intended to serve as a guide to industry for the preparation of Product Licence Applications (PLAs) and labels for natural health product market authorization. It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the medicinal ingredients.

Notes

  • Text in parentheses is additional optional information which can be included on the PLA and product label at the applicant's discretion.
  • The solidus (/) indicates that the terms and/or statements are synonymous. Either term or statement may be selected by the applicant.
  • When "Fruit" is indicated as source material, it only includes the parts of the fruit that are consumed historically as human food.
  • This monograph may be used to support single ingredient or multi-ingredient products containing any medicinal ingredient from Table 1. Combination restrictions are described in the 'Ingredient Combinations' section.

Date:

July 29, 2022

Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information

Table 1. Proper name(s), Common name(s), Source information
Proper name(s) Common name(s) Source information
Source ingredient(s) Organism group(s) Source material(s) Part(s) Preparation(s)
  • (±)-1,2-Dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid
  • DL-alpha-Lipoic acid
  • DL-alpha-Lipoic acid
  • DL-Thioctic acid
DL-alpha-Lipoic acid N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
(1E,6E)-1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3- methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione Curcumin N/A N/A Curcuma longa Rhizome Isolate
  • 2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7- trihydroxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
  • 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7- trihydroxychromen-4-one
  • 3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxyflavone
  • Quercetin
  • Quercetin anhydrous
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Quercetin
  • Quercetin dihydrate
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
2,5-Cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione, 2-[(2E,6E,10E,14E,18E,22E,26E,30E,34E)-3,7,11,15,19,23,27,31,35,39-decamethyl-2,6,10,14,18,22,26,30,34,38-tetracontadecaenyl]-5,6-dimethoxy-3-methyl
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • CoQ10
  • Ubidecarenone
  • Ubiquinone-10
N/A N/A
  • Agrobacterium rhizogenes
  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  • Aspergillus clavatus
  • Escherichia coli
  • Gluconobacter suboxydans
  • Leucosporidium scotti
  • Paracoccus denitrificans
  • Rhodobacter sphaeroides
  • Rhodospirillum rubrum
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe
Whole Biosynthesis
Coenzyme Q10 N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
(2S)-7-[[6-O-(6-Deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-2,3-dihydro-5-hydroxy-2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one Hesperidin
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
  • 3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxyflavone-3-rutinoside
  • 3-[[6-O-(6-Deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
  • 3-(O-6-Deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl-(1-6)-beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-2-
    (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-5,7-dihydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one
  • Quercetin-3 rutinoside
  • Rutin
  • Rutoside
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Rutin
  • Rutoside trihydrate
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
  • (L-3-Carboxy-2-hydroxypropyl)trimethylammonium hydroxide, inner salt
  • (R)-3-Carboxy-2-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-1-propanaminium hydroxide, inner salt
  • L-Carnitine
  • Levocarnitine
  • L-Carnitine
  • Levocarnitine
  • L-Carnitine tartrate
  • L-Carnitine fumarate
N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
(3R,3'R,6'R)-beta,epsilon-Carotene-3,3'-diol Lutein N/A N/A Tagetes erecta Herb flowering oleoresin Isolate
  • (3R,3'R)-beta,beta-Carotene-3,3'-diol
  • all-trans-beta-Carotene-3,3'-diol
Zeaxanthin N/A N/A Tagetes erecta Herb flowering oleoresin Isolate
Zeaxanthin N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
  • 3,3'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene
  • 3,3'-Dihydroxy-beta,beta-carotene-4,4'-dione
Astaxanthin N/A N/A Haematococcus pluvialis Whole Isolate
(all-E)-2,6,10,15,19,23-Hexamethyl-2,6,10,14,18,22-tetracosahexaene Squalene N/A N/A
  • Elaeis guineensis
  • Olea europaea
Fruit Isolate
Shark N/A Liver
all-trans-Lycopene Lycopene N/A N/A Solanum lycopersicum Fruit flesh Isolate
Lycopene N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
  • (E)-5-(p-Hydroxystyryl) resorcinol
  • 5-[(1E)-2-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]-1,3-benzenediol
  • trans-3,4',5-Trihydroxystilbene
  • trans-Resveratrol
Resveratrol N/A N/A Reynoutria japonica Root Isolate
N/A N/A Vitis vinifera Fruit
Resveratrol N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Gumbo
  • Lady's-fingers
  • Okra
N/A N/A Abelmoschus esculentus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Actinidia chinensis Golden kiwi N/A N/A Actinidia chinensis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Actinidia deliciosa
  • Chinese-gooseberry
  • Kiwi
  • Kiwifruit
N/A N/A Actinidia deliciosa Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Active hexose correlated compound
  • Active hexose correlated compound
  • AHCC
N/A N/A Lentinula edodes Mycelium Isolate
Alaria esculenta Kutare N/A N/A Alaria esculenta
  • Thallus
  • Whole
Dry
Allium ampeloprasum
  • Great-headed garlic
  • Wild leek
N/A N/A Allium ampeloprasum Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Allium cepa
  • Onion
  • Shallot
N/A N/A Allium cepa Bulb
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Allium porrum Leek N/A N/A Allium porrum Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Allium sativum Garlic N/A N/A Allium sativum Bulb
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Allium schoenoprasum
  • Bei cong
  • Chives
N/A N/A Allium schoenoprasum Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Aloe vera
  • Aloe
  • Aloe vera
  • Barbados aloe
  • Curaçao aloe
  • True aloe
  • West Indian aloe
N/A N/A Aloe vera Leaf gel Fresh
Alpinia galanga
  • Greater galanga
  • Greater galangal
  • Languas
  • Siamese-ginger
N/A N/A Alpinia galanga Rhizome
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Amorphophallus konjac
  • Devil's-tongue
  • Elephant-yam
  • Konjac
  • Konnyaku
  • Leopard-palm
  • Mo-yu
  • Snake-palm
  • Umbrella arum
N/A N/A Amorphophallus konjac
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Elephant yam N/A N/A Amorphophallus paeoniifolius
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ananas comosus var. comosus Pineapple N/A N/A Ananas comosus var. comosus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Anethum graveolens
  • Dill
  • Garden dill
  • Shi luo
N/A N/A Anethum graveolens Herb top
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae Aphanizomenon flos-aquae N/A N/A Aphanizomenon flos-aquae Whole Dry
Apium graveolens Celery N/A N/A Apium graveolens
  • Herb top
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Argania spinosa Argan seed oil N/A N/A Argania spinosa Seed Fresh
Aristotelia chilensis Maqui N/A N/A Aristotelia chilensis Fruit Dry
Aronia melanocarpa
  • Apfelbeere
  • Black chokeberry
N/A N/A Aronia melanocarpa Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Artemisia dracunculus
  • French tarragon
  • Russian tarragon
  • Silky wormwood
  • Tarragon
N/A N/A Artemisia dracunculus Leaf Dry
Artemisia vulgaris
  • Common mugwort
  • Felon herb
  • Mugwort
  • St. John's plant
  • Wild wormwood
N/A N/A Artemisia vulgaris Herb top Dry
Arthrospira platensis Spirulina N/A N/A Arthrospira platensis Whole
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ascophyllum nodosum
  • Knuppetang
  • Norwegian Kelp
N/A N/A Ascophyllum nodosum
  • Thallus
  • Whole
Dry
Asparagus officinalis
  • Asparagus
  • Common asparagus
  • Garden asparagus
N/A N/A Asparagus officinalis Shoot
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Avena sativa
  • Common oat
  • Oat
  • Red oat
  • Side oat
  • Tree oat
N/A N/A Avena sativa
  • Seed
  • Seed bran
Dry
N/A N/A Avena sativa Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Oatgrass N/A N/A Avena sativa
  • Herb top
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Oat Oil N/A N/A Avena sativa Seed Fresh
Basella alba
  • Ceylon-spinach
  • Indian-spinach
  • Luo kui
  • Malabar-nightshade
  • Malabar-spinach
  • Vine-spinach
N/A N/A Basella alba Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Berberis vulgaris
  • Common barberry
  • European barberry
  • Jaundice-berry
  • Piprage
N/A N/A Berberis vulgaris Fruit Dry
Bergera koenigii Curryleaf N/A N/A Bergera koenigii Leaf Dry
Beta vulgaris
  • Beet
  • Beetroot
  • Field beet
  • Fodder beet
  • Foliage beet
  • Garden beet
  • Mangel
  • Mangel-wurzel
  • Mangold
  • Red beet
  • Sicilian broad-rib beet
  • Spinach beet
  • Spinach chard
  • Sugar beet
  • Swiss chard
  • Tian cai
  • Yellow beet
N/A N/A Beta vulgaris
  • Leaf
  • Root
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica juncea
  • Indian mustard
  • Oriental mustard
N/A N/A Brassica juncea Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica nigra
  • Black mustard
  • Brown mustard
N/A N/A Brassica nigra Seed Dry
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Cauliflower N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Herb top
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica oleracea var. capitata
  • Cabbage
  • Red cabbage
  • White cabbage
N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. capitata Herb top
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
  • Bao zi gan lan
  • Brussels sprouts
N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica oleracea var. italica
  • Asparagus broccoli
  • Broccoli
  • Calabrese
  • Cape broccoli
  • Heading broccoli
  • Purple cauliflower
  • Sprouting broccoli
  • Winter broccoli
N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. italica
  • Herb top
  • Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea Wild cabbage N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. oleracea Herb top
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica oleracea var. viridis
  • Collards
  • Cow cabbage
  • Fodder kale
  • Kale
  • Spring-heading cabbage
  • Tall kale
  • Tree kale
N/A N/A Brassica oleracea var. viridis Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Brassica rapa
  • Rapini
  • Seven-top turnip
  • Turnip
  • Tyfon
N/A N/A Brassica rapa Root
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Camellia sinensis
  • Camellia sinensis extract
  • Green tea extract
  • Tea extract
  • Thea sinensis extract
  • White tea extract
N/A N/A Camellia sinensis Leaf N/A
Cannabis sativa
  • Da ma
  • Hemp
N/A N/A Cannabis sativa Seed Dry
Capparis spinosa
  • Caper
  • Caperbush
N/A N/A Capparis spinosa Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Capsicum annuum
  • Cayenne
  • Cayenne pepper
  • Chili pepper
  • Paprika
  • Red Pepper
N/A N/A Capsicum annuum Fruit Dry
Carica papaya
  • Papaya
  • Pawpaw
N/A N/A Carica papaya Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ceratonia siliqua
  • Bread- St John's
  • Carob
  • Ceratonia
  • Locust-bean
  • St. John's-bread
  • St John's bread
N/A N/A Ceratonia siliqua Fruit Dry
Chamaemelum nobile
  • English chamomile
  • Garden chamomile
  • Noble chamomile
  • Roman chamomile
  • Russian chamomile
N/A N/A Chamaemelum nobile Flower Dry
Chenopodium quinoa
  • Quingua
  • Quinoa
N/A N/A Chenopodium quinoa Seed Dry
Chlorella vulgaris Chlorella N/A N/A Chlorella vulgaris Broken cell
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cicer arietinum
  • Bengal gram
  • Chick-pea
  • Garbanzo
  • Gram
N/A N/A Cicer arietinum Seed Dry
Cichorium endivia Escarole N/A N/A Cichorium endivia Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cichorium intybus
  • Belgium endive
  • Chicory
  • Radicchio
N/A N/A Cichorium intybus
  • Leaf
  • Root
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cinnamomum aromaticum
  • Cassia
  • Cassia cinnamon
  • Chinese cinnamon
  • Chinese cinnamon tree
  • Rou gui
N/A N/A Cinnamomum aromaticum
  • Branch bark
  • Stem bark
  • Trunk bark
Dry
Cinnamomum verum
  • Ceylon cinnamon
  • Cinnamon
  • True cinnamon
  • Tvak
N/A N/A Cinnamomum verum
  • Branch bark
  • Shoot bark
Dry
Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus Watermelon N/A N/A Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus aurantiifolia
  • Egyptian lime
  • Indian lime
  • Key lime
  • Lime
  • Mexican lime
  • Sour lime
N/A N/A Citrus aurantiifolia Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus bioflavonoids Citrus bioflavonoids N/A N/A
  • Citrus sinensis
  • Citrus limon
  • Citrus reticulata
  • Citrus aurantiifolia
  • Citrus paradisi
  • Fruit peel
  • Fruit
Isolate
Citrus limon
  • Lemon
  • Li meng
  • Limum
  • Ning meng
N/A N/A Citrus limon Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus maxima
  • Pomelo
  • Pummelo
  • Shaddock
  • Yu
  • Zhu luan
N/A N/A Citrus maxima Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus paradisi
  • Grapefruit
  • Yuan you
N/A N/A Citrus paradisi Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus reticulata
  • Ju
  • Mandarin orange
  • Tangerine
N/A N/A Citrus reticulata Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Citrus sinensis
  • Blood orange
  • Navel orange
  • Red orange
  • Sweet orange
  • Tian cheng
  • Valencia orange
N/A N/A Citrus sinensis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Coccinia grandis
  • Ivy gourd
  • Little gourd
N/A N/A Coccinia grandis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cocos nucifera
  • Coconut
  • Coconut palm
  • Coconut water
  • Copra
  • Nariyal
N/A N/A Cocos nucifera Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh

Coconut oil

N/A N/A Cocos nucifera  Seed endosperm Fresh
Coriandrum sativum
  • Chinese parsley
  • Chinese-parsley
  • Cilantro
  • Coriander
  • Parsley- Chinese
N/A N/A Coriandrum sativum Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cucumis melo subsp. melo var. cantalupo
  • Cantaloupe
  • Netted melon
N/A N/A Cucumis melo subsp. melo var. cantalupo Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cucumis sativus Cucumber N/A N/A Cucumis sativus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cucurbita maxima Winter squash N/A N/A Cucurbita maxima Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cucurbita moschata
  • Butternut squash
  • Cheese pumpkin
N/A N/A Cucurbita moschata Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Seed Dry
Cucurbita pepo
  • Acorn squash
  • Bitter bottle gourd
  • Ghia kaddu
  • Marrow
  • Pumpkin
  • Squash
N/A N/A Cucurbita pepo Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cucurbita pepo var. pepo Zucchini N/A N/A Cucurbita pepo var. pepo Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cuminum cyminum Cumin N/A N/A Cuminum cyminum Fruit Dry
Curcuma longa
  • Common turmeric
  • Curcuma
  • Indian-saffron
  • Jianghuang
  • Turmeric
  • Yellow ginger
N/A N/A Curcuma longa Rhizome Dry
Cydonia oblonga Quince N/A N/A Cydonia oblonga Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cymbopogon citratus
  • Fever grass
  • Lemongrass
  • West Indian lemongrass
N/A N/A Cymbopogon citratus
  • Herb top
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Cynara cardunculus
  • Artichoke
  • Artichoke thistle
  • Cardoon
  • Cynara
  • Garden artichoke
  • Globe artichoke
  • Scotch thistle
N/A N/A Cynara cardunculus Leaf Dry
Daucus carota Carrot N/A N/A Daucus carota
  • Leaf
  • Root
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Dioscorea alata
  • Greater yam
  • Guyana arrowroot
  • Ten-months yam
  • Water yam
  • White yam
  • Winged yam
  • Yam
N/A N/A Dioscorea alata Root
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Diospyros virginiana American persimmon N/A N/A Diospyros virginiana Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Elaeis guineensis
  • African oil palm
  • Oil palm
N/A N/A Elaeis guineensis Fruit Fresh
Euterpe oleracea
  • Acai
  • Açai
  • Assai palm
  • Cabbage palm
N/A N/A Euterpe oleracea
  • Fruit flesh
  • Fruit juice
Dry
Fagopyrum esculentum
  • Buckwheat
  • Common buckwheat
  • Japanese buckwheat
  • Qiao mai
  • Silverhull buckwheat
N/A N/A Fagopyrum esculentum Seed Dry
Ficus carica
  • Fig
  • Fig tree
  • Wu hua guo
N/A N/A Ficus carica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce
  • Roman fennel
  • Sweet fennel
N/A N/A Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce Bulb
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Fragaria virginiana
  • Scarlet strawberry
  • Virginia strawberry
  • Wild strawberry
N/A N/A Fragaria virginiana Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Fragaria x ananassa
  • Garden strawberry
  • Strawberry
N/A N/A Fragaria x ananassa Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Fucus vesiculosus
  • Black tang
  • Bladder fucus
  • Kelpware
  • Seawrack
N/A N/A Fucus vesiculosus
  • Thallus
  • Whole
Dry
Ganoderma lucidum
  • Ganoderma
  • Ling zhi
  • Reishi
N/A N/A Ganoderma lucidum
  • Cultured mycelium
  • Fruiting body
  • Mycelium
Dry
Garcinia mangostana
  • King's-fruit
  • Manggis
  • Mangostan
  • Mangosteen
N/A N/A Garcinia mangostana Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Glycine max
  • Defatted soybean flour
  • Defatted soy flour
N/A N/A Glycine max Seed Dry
  • Soybean Flour
  • Soy Flour
N/A N/A Glycine max Seed Dry
  • Black soya bean
  • Da dou
  • Soy
  • Soya
  • Soyabean
  • Soybean
N/A N/A Glycine max Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Grape seed extract Grape seed extract N/A N/A Vitis vinifera Seed N/A
Green coffee bean extract Green coffee bean extract N/A N/A
  • Coffea arabica
  • Coffea canephora
Seed N/A
Haematococcus pluvialis Haematococcus pluvialis N/A N/A Haematococcus pluvialis Whole Dry
Helianthus annuus
  • Mirasol
  • Sunflower
N/A N/A Helianthus annuus Seed Dry
Sunflower oil N/A N/A Helianthus annuus Seed Fresh
Hericium erinaceus Lion's Mane N/A N/A Hericium erinaceus Fruiting body Dry
Hibiscus sabdariffa
  • Indian-sorrel
  • Jamaica-sorrel
  • Red-sorrel
  • Roselle
  • Sorrel
N/A N/A Hibiscus sabdariffa Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Hippophae rhamnoides
  • Sallowthorn
  • Sea buckthorn
  • Sea-buckthorn
  • Shaji
N/A N/A Hippophae rhamnoides Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Hordeum vulgare
  • Barley
  • Da mai
N/A N/A Hordeum vulgare Seed Dry
Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Barleygrass N/A N/A Hordeum vulgare
  • Herb top
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ipomoea batatas Sweet potato N/A N/A Ipomoea batatas
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Irvingia gabonensis African wild mango N/A N/A Irvingia gabonensis Seed Dry
Juglans regia Walnut N/A N/A Juglans regia Seed Dry
  • L-alpha-Acetamido-beta- mercaptopropionic acid
  • N-Acetyl-L-cysteine
N-Acetyl-L-cysteine N-Acetyl-L-cysteine N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
  • L-Glutathione
  • N-(N-L-gamma-Glutamyl-L-cysteinyl)glycine
L-Glutathione N/A N/A Saccharomyces cerevisiae Whole Isolate
  • Glutathione
  • S-Acetylglutathione
N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
Lactuca sativa
  • Garden lettuce
  • Lettuce
N/A N/A Lactuca sativa Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Lactuca sativa var. crispa
  • Curled lettuce
  • Leaf lettuce
N/A N/A Lactuca sativa var. crispa Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Lactuca sativa var. longifolia
  • Cos lettuce
  • Romaine lettuce
N/A N/A Lactuca sativa var. longifolia Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Lagenaria siceraria
  • Bottle gourd
  • Calabash
  • Calabash gourd
  • Hu lu
  • White-flower gourd
N/A N/A Lagenaria siceraria Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Laminaria digitata
  • Horsetail kelp
  • Kelp
  • Silketare
N/A N/A Laminaria digitata
  • Thallus
  • Whole
Dry
Laminaria japonica
  • Hai dai
  • Japanese kelp
  • Makombu
  • Sea tangle
N/A N/A Laminaria japonica
  • Thallus
  • Whole
Dry
Lens culinaris
  • Gram
  • Lentil
N/A N/A Lens culinaris Seed Dry
Lentinula edodes Shiitake N/A N/A Lentinula edodes
  • Cultured mycelium
  • Fruiting body
  • Mycelium
Dry
Lepidium meyenii
  • Maca
  • Peruvian-ginseng
N/A N/A Lepidium meyenii
  • Hypocotyl
  • Root
Dry
Lepidium sativum Garden cress N/A N/A Lepidium sativum Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Linum usitatissimum
  • Flax
  • Flaxseed
  • Linseed
N/A N/A Linum usitatissimum Seed
  • Dry
N/A N/A Linum usitatissimum Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Lonicera caerulea
  • Blue honeysuckle
  • Haskap
N/A N/A Lonicera caerulea Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Lutein esters Lutein esters N/A N/A Tagetes erecta Herb flowering oleoresin Isolate
Lycium barbarum
  • Barbary matrimony-vine
  • Barbary wolfberry
  • Chinese wolfberry
  • Goji
  • Matrimony-vine
  • Ning xia gou qi
N/A N/A Lycium barbarum Fruit Dry
Malpighia emarginata West Indian-cherry N/A N/A Malpighia emarginata Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Malpighia glabra
  • Acerola
  • Barbados cherry tree
  • Escobillo
N/A N/A Malpighia glabra Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Malus domestica Apple N/A N/A Malus domestica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Malus pumila Paradise apple N/A N/A Malus pumila Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Mangifera indica Mango N/A N/A Mangifera indica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Medicago sativa
  • Alfalfa
  • Lucerne
N/A N/A Medicago sativa Herb top Dry
  • Mixed tocopherol concentrate
  • Tocopherol concentrate, mixed
  • Mixed tocopherol concentrate
  • Tocopherols
N/A N/A
  • Brassica napus
  • Brassica rapa
  • Carthamus tinctoris
  • Glycine max
  • Helianthus annuus
  • Zea mays
Seed Isolate
Cocos nucifera Seed endosperm
Olea europaea Fruit flesh
Morinda citrifolia
  • Indian-mulberry
  • Noni
  • Rotten cheesefruit
N/A N/A Morinda citrifolia Fruit Dry
Moringa oleifera
  • Ben-oil-tree
  • Benzolive-tree
  • Drumsticktree
  • Horseradish-tree
  • Malunggay
  • Moringa
  • West Indian ben
N/A N/A Moringa oleifera
  • Leaf
  • Seed
Dry
Morus alba
  • Sang
  • White mulberry
N/A N/A Morus alba Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Musa x paradisiaca
  • Banana
  • Banana palm
  • French plantain
  • Plantain
N/A N/A Musa x paradisiaca Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Myrciaria dubia Camu-camu N/A N/A Myrciaria dubia Fruit Dry
Nasturtium officinale
  • Bronkors
  • Browncress
  • Mizu-garashi
  • Oranda-garashi
  • Summer watercress
  • Watercress
N/A N/A Nasturtium officinale
  • Herb top
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Nelumbo nucifera
  • East Indian lotus
  • Lian
  • Lotus
N/A N/A Nelumbo nucifera Seed
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ocimum tenuiflorum
  • Holy basil
  • Rama tulsi
  • Sacred basil
  • Tulsi
N/A N/A Ocimum tenuiflorum Leaf Dry
Olea europaea Olive leaf N/A N/A Olea europaea Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Olive N/A N/A Olea europaea Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Olive oil N/A N/A Olea europaea Fruit Fresh
Ophiocordyceps sinensis
  • Chinese Caterpillar Fungus
  • Cordyceps
  • Cordyceps sinensis
  • Dong chong xia cao
N/A N/A Ophiocordyceps sinensis Stroma Dry
Opuntia ficus-indica
  • Barbary-fig
  • Indian-fig
  • Mission cactus
  • Prickly-pear
N/A N/A Opuntia ficus-indica
  • Fruit
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Origanum vulgare
  • Common oregano
  • Oregano
N/A N/A Origanum vulgare Leaf Dry
Oryza sativa
  • Asian rice
  • Black Rice
  • Dao
  • Lowland rice
  • Purple Rice
  • Rice
  • Upland rice
N/A N/A Oryza sativa
  • Seed
  • Seed bran

Dry

Paecilomyces hepiali
  • Cultured Chinese Caterpillar Fungus
  • Fa jiao chong cao jun
N/A N/A Paecilomyces hepiali Cultured mycelium Dry
Palmaria palmata
  • Creathnach
  • Dillisk
  • Duilleasc
  • Dulse
N/A N/A Palmaria palmata
  • Thallus
  • Whole
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Panicum miliaceum
  • Common millet
  • Millet
  • Millet panic
N/A N/A Panicum miliaceum Seed Dry
Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Passiflora edulis Purple granadilla N/A N/A Passiflora edulis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Passiflora quadrangularis Giant granadilla N/A N/A Passiflora quadrangularis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Pastinaca sativa Parsnip N/A N/A Pastinaca sativa
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Persea americana Avocado N/A N/A Persea americana Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Petroselinum crispum Parsley N/A N/A Petroselinum crispum Herb top
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Kidney bean
  • Navy bean
  • White kidney bean
N/A N/A Phaseolus vulgaris Seed Dry
Phoenix dactylifera
  • Date
  • Date palm
N/A N/A Phoenix dactylifera Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Phyllanthus emblica
  • Amalaki
  • Amla
  • Emblic
  • Emblic myrobalan
  • Indian gooseberry
  • Myrobalan
N/A N/A Phyllanthus emblica Fruit Dry
Pimenta dioica
  • Allspice
  • Clover-pepper
  • Jamaica-pepper
  • Pimenta
  • Pimento
N/A N/A Pimenta dioica Fruit Dry
Pimpinella anisum
  • Anise
  • Sweet-cumin
N/A N/A Pimpinella anisum Fruit Dry
Pinus pinaster
  • Cluster pine
  • Maritime pine
  • Trosden
N/A N/A Pinus pinaster Stem bark
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Pisum sativum Pea N/A N/A Pisum sativum Seed
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Porphyra yezoensis Nori N/A N/A Porphyra yezoensis
  • Thallus
  • Whole
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Propolis
  • Bee propolis
  • Feng jiao
  • Propolis
  • Propolis balsam
  • Propolis resin
  • Propolis wax
N/A N/A Apis mellifera Secretion Dry
Prunus armeniaca
  • Apricot
  • Siberian apricot
  • Xing
N/A N/A Prunus armeniaca Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus avium
  • Bird cherry
  • Gean
  • Mazzard cherry
  • Sweet cherry
N/A N/A Prunus avium Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus cerasus
  • Morello cherry
  • Pie cherry
  • Sour cherry
  • Tart cherry
N/A N/A Prunus cerasus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus domestica
  • Ou zhou li
  • Prune plum
N/A N/A Prunus domestica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus dulcis
  • Almond
  • Almond- bitter
  • Almond- sweet
  • Bitter almond
  • Sweet almond
N/A N/A Prunus dulcis Seed Dry
Prunus persica
  • Momo
  • Peach
  • Tao
N/A N/A Prunus persica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus persica var. nucipersica Nectarine N/A N/A Prunus persica var. nucipersica Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus serotina
  • Black cherry
  • Rum cherry
  • Wild cherry
N/A N/A Prunus serotina Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Prunus virginiana
  • Bitter-berry
  • Chokecherry
N/A N/A Prunus virginiana Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Psidium guajava
  • Guava
  • Koejawel
  • Lemon guava
N/A N/A Psidium guajava Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Punica granatum Pomegranate N/A N/A Punica granatum
  • Fruit
  • Seed aril
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Pyrus communis Pear N/A N/A Pyrus communis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Pyrus pyrifolia
  • Chinese pear
  • Nashi pear
N/A N/A Pyrus pyrifolia Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Raphanus sativus
  • Luo bo
  • Radish
N/A N/A Raphanus sativus
  • Leaf
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rhodiola rosea
  • Hong jing tian
  • King's-crown
  • Rhodiola
  • Roseroot
N/A N/A Rhodiola rosea
  • Root
  • Root and rhizome
Dry
Ribes nigrum Black currant N/A N/A Ribes nigrum Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Ribes uva-crispa
  • English gooseberry
  • European gooseberry
  • Gooseberry
N/A N/A Ribes uva-crispa Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rosa canina
  • Common briar
  • Dogbrier
  • Dog rose
N/A N/A Rosa canina Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary N/A N/A Rosmarinus officinalis Leaf Dry
Royal jelly Royal jelly N/A N/A Apis mellifera Secretion Fresh
Rubus arcticus Arctic raspberry N/A N/A Rubus arcticus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rubus idaeus
  • European raspberry
  • European red raspberry
  • Fu pen zi
  • Raspberry
  • Red raspberry
N/A N/A Rubus idaeus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rubus occidentalis
  • Blackcap
  • Black raspberry
N/A N/A Rubus occidentalis Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Rubus plicatus
  • Blackberry
  • Bramble
  • Shrubby blackberry
N/A N/A Rubus plicatus Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Salvia hispanica Chia N/A N/A Salvia hispanica Seed Dry
Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Salvia officinalis
  • Common sage
  • Dalmatian sage
  • Garden sage
  • Sage
N/A N/A Salvia officinalis Leaf Dry
Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra
  • Black elder
  • European elder
N/A N/A Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra Fruit Dry
Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis
  • American elder
  • Canadian elder
  • Sweet Elder
N/A N/A Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis Fruit Dry
Selenium Selenium
  • Methylselenocysteine
  • Selenious acid
  • Selenium amino acid chelate
  • Selenium aspartate
  • Selenium citrate
  • Selenium dioxide, monohydrate
  • Selenium fumarate
  • Selenium glutarate
  • Selenium glycinate
  • Selenium hydrolyzed animal protein (HAP) chelate
  • Selenium hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP) chelate
  • Selenium malate
  • Selenium succinate
  • Selenium-enriched yeast
  • Selenocysteine
  • Selenomethionine
  • Sodium hydrogen selenite
  • Sodium selenate
  • Sodium selenite
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
Sesamum indicum
  • Beni
  • Beniseed
  • Benneseed
  • Black sesame
  • Black sesame seeds
  • Hu ma
  • Sesame
N/A N/A Sesamum indicum Seed Dry
Setaria italica
  • Italian millet
  • Su
N/A N/A Setaria italica Seed Dry
Solanum lycopersicum Tomato N/A N/A Solanum lycopersicum Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Tomato extract N/A N/A Solanum lycopersicum Fruit flesh
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Solanum tuberosum Potato N/A N/A Solanum tuberosum
  • Root
  • Tuber
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Spinacia oleracea
  • Bo cai
  • Spinach
N/A N/A Spinacia oleracea Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Syzygium aromaticum Clove N/A N/A Syzygium aromaticum Flower bud Dry
Tagetes erecta
  • African marigold
  • Aztec marigold
  • Big marigold
  • Saffron marigold
N/A N/A Tagetes erecta Flower Dry
Tamarindus indica
  • Indian tamarind
  • Kilytree
  • Tamarin
  • Tamarind
N/A N/A Tamarindus indica Fruit Dry
  • Tocotrienol concentrate
  • Tocotrienols
  • Tocotrienol concentrate
  • Tocotrienols
N/A N/A Bixa orenellana Seed Isolate
Elaeis guineensis Fruit
Oryza sativa Seed bran
Trigonella foenum-graecum
  • Common fenugreek
  • Fenugreek
  • Greek-clover
  • Greek hay
  • Hu lu ba
N/A N/A Trigonella foenum-graecum Seed Dry
Triticum aestivum
  • Bread wheat
  • Wheat
  • Xiao mai
N/A N/A Triticum aestivum Seed Dry
Sprout
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Wheatgrass Triticum aestivum
  • Herb top
  • Leaf
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Wheat germ oil Triticum aestivum Seed germ Fresh
Ubiquinol Ubiquinol Ubiquinol N/A N/A N/A Synthetic
Vaccinium corymbosum
  • American blueberry
  • Blueberry
  • Highbush blueberry
  • Swamp blueberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium corymbosum Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vaccinium angustifolium
  • Blueberry
  • Late sweet blueberry
  • Lowbush blueberry
  • Low sweet blueberry
  • Sweethurts
  • Upland lowbush blueberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium angustifolium Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vaccinium pallidum
  • Blueberry
  • Hillside lowbush blueberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium pallidum Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vaccinium macrocarpon
  • American cranberry
  • Cranberry
  • Large American cranberry
  • Large cranberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium macrocarpon

Fruit

Fresh
  • Cranberry juice powder
  • Dried Cranberry Juice
  • Dried Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry) fruit juice
N/A N/A Vaccinium macrocarpon Fruit Dry
Vaccinium myrsinites Shiny blueberry N/A N/A Vaccinium myrsinites Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Bilberry
  • European blueberry
  • Huckleberry
  • Whortleberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium myrtillus Fruit Dry
Vaccinium vitis-idaea
  • Alpine cranberry
  • Cowberry
  • Foxberry
  • Lingberry
  • Lingen
  • Lingenberry
  • Lingon
  • Lingonberry
  • Rock cranberry
N/A N/A Vaccinium vitis-idaea Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vicia faba Fava bean N/A N/A Vicia faba Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vigna radiata var. radiata
  • Lu dou
  • Mung Bean
N/A N/A Vigna radiata var. radiata Seed Dry
Vigna unguiculata subsp. cylindrica
  • Catjang
  • Catjang cowpea
  • Sow-pea
N/A N/A Vigna unguiculata subsp. cylindrica Seed
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vitamin C Vitamin C
  • Ascorbic acid
  • Ascorbic acid 2-O-glucoside
  • Ascorbyl methylsilanol pectinate
  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Calcium ascorbate
  • Calcium ascorbate, dihydrate
  • Magnesium ascorbate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Manganese (II) ascorbate
  • Niacinamide ascorbate
  • Potassium ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbate
  • Zinc ascorbate
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
Vitamin E Vitamin E
  • d-alpha Tocopherol
  • d-alpha Tocopheryl acetate
  • d-alpha Tocopheryl acid succinate
  • dl-alpha Tocopherol
  • dl-alpha Tocopheryl acetate
  • dl-alpha Tocopheryl acid succinate
N/A N/A N/A
  • Isolate
  • Synthetic
Vitis labrusca Concord grape N/A N/A Vitis labrusca Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Vitis vinifera
  • Common grapevine
  • European grape
  • Grape
  • Grapevine
N/A N/A Vitis vinifera
  • Fruit
  • Fruit skin
  • Seed
  • Dry
  • Fresh
  • Red wine extract
  • Red wine polyphenol extract
N/A N/A Vitis vinifera Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Zea mays
  • Corn
  • Maize
  • Purple corn
  • Yu shu shu
N/A N/A Zea mays Seed Dry
Zeaxanthin esters Zeaxanthin esters N/A N/A Tagetes erecta Herb flowering oleoresin Isolate
Zingiber officinale
  • Ginger
  • Jiang
N/A N/A Zingiber officinale Rhizome Dry
Ziziphus jujuba
  • Chinese date
  • Jujube
  • Zao
N/A N/A Ziziphus jujuba Fruit
  • Dry
  • Fresh
Fruit and/or vegetable or sprout blends
Note: Individual substances (i.e. plants) and their respective part(s) and quantities should appear on the label.
Fruit blend Fruit blend N/A N/A
  • Ananas comosus
  • Aronia melanocarpa
  • Carica papaya
  • Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus
  • Citrus aurantiifolia
  • Citrus aurantium
  • Citrus limon
  • Citrus paradisi
  • Citrus reticulata
  • Citrus sinensis
  • Cucumis melo
  • Euterpe oleracea
  • Fragaria vesca
  • Fragaria x ananassa
  • Litchi chinensis
  • Malpighia glabra
  • Malus domestica
  • Mangifera indica
  • Morinda citrifolia
  • Musa x paradisiaca
  • Myrciaria dubia
  • Phyllanthus emblica
  • Prunus armeniaca
  • Prunus avium
  • Prunus cerasus
  • Prunus persica
  • Prunus salicina
  • Punica granatum
  • Pyrus communis
  • Ribes nigrum
  • Rubus idaeus
  • Rubus occidentalis
  • Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra
  • Vaccinium angustifolium
  • Vaccinium cespitosum
  • Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon
  • Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Vaccinium ovalifolium
  • Vaccinium uliginosum
  • Vaccinium vitis-idaea
  • Vitis labrusca
  • Vitis vinifera
Fruit Dry
Fruit and vegetable blend Fruit and vegetable blend N/A N/A
  • Allium ampeloprasum
  • Allium cepa
  • Allium porrum
  • Allium sativum
  • Ananas comosus var. comosus
  • Apium graveolens
  • Bergera koenigii
  • Beta vulgaris
  • Bixa orellana
  • Brassica napus
  • Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
  • Brassica oleracea var. capitata
  • Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
  • Brassica oleracea var. italica
  • Brassica oleracea var. viridis
  • Capsicum annuum
  • Carica papaya
  • Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus
  • Citrus aurantiifolia
  • Citrus aurantium
  • Citrus limon
  • Citrus paradisi
  • Citrus sinensis
  • Cocos nucifera
  • Cucumis melo
  • Cucurbita pepo
  • Daucus carota
  • Fragaria vesca
  • Fragaria x ananassa
  • Ipomea batatas
  • Lantana camara
  • Litchi chinensis
  • Malpighia glabra
  • Mangifera indica
  • Morinda citrifolia
  • Moringa oleifera
  • Musa acuminata
  • Musa x paradisiaca
  • Myrciaria dubia
  • Ocimum tenuiflorum
  • Passiflora edulis
  • Petroselinum crispum
  • Phyllanthus emblica
  • Prunus armeniaca
  • Prunus avium
  • Prunus domestica
  • Prunus persica
  • Prunus salicina
  • Psidium guajava
  • Punica granatum
  • Pyrus communis
  • Raphanus sativus var. sativus
  • Rubus idaeus
  • Rubus occidentalis
  • Rubus plicatus
  • Sesbania grandiflora
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Spinacia oleracea
  • Vaccinium angustifolium
  • Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon
  • Vaccinium myrtillus
  • Vitis vinifera
  • Wrightia tinctoria
  • Zea mays
  • Bulb
  • Edible fruit part
  • Edible vegetable part
  • Fruit
  • Leaf
  • Leaf stalk
  • Root
  • Sprout
Dry
Sprout blend Sprout blend N/A N/A
  • Avena sativa
  • Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
  • Brassica oleracea var. italica
  • Glycine max
  • Hordeum vulgare
  • Linum usitatissimum
  • Panicum miliaceum
  • Raphanus sativus
  • Salvia hispanica
  • Triticum aestivum
Sprout Dry
Vegetable blend Vegetable blend N/A N/A
  • Allium ampeloprasum
  • Allium cepa
  • Allium sativum
  • Apium graveolens
  • Barbarea verna
  • Beta vulgaris
  • Brassica napus
  • Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
  • Brassica oleracea var. capitata
  • Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
  • Brassica oleracea var. italica
  • Brassica oleracea var. viridis
  • Daucus carota
  • Medicago sativa
  • Petroselinum crispum
  • Raphanus sativus var. sativus
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • Spinacia oleracea
  • Bulb
  • Edible vegetable part
  • Fruit
  • Leaf
  • Leaf stalk
  • Root
  • Sprout
Dry

Route of administration

Oral

Dosage form(s)

This monograph excludes foods or food-like dosage forms as indicated in the Compendium of Monographs Guidance Document.

Acceptable dosage forms for oral use are indicated in the dosage form drop-down list of the web-based Product Licence Application form for Compendial applications.

If the product contains Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC), the dosage form is restricted to capsules or powder.

Use(s) or Purpose(s)

All products

  • Source of (an) antioxidant(s)/Provides (an) antioxidant(s)
  • Source of (an) antioxidant(s)/Provides (an) antioxidant(s) that help(s) fight/protect (cell) against/reduce (the oxidative effect of/the oxidative damage caused by/cell damage caused by) free radicals

The only claims deemed acceptable in addition to the antioxidant claims are claims supported by the Multi-Vitamin/Mineral Supplements (MVM) monograph and/or by the Marigold Extract and Isolates (Lutein and Zeaxanthin) monograph if the product contains a medicinal ingredient or potency constituent which meets these monographs requirements.

Additional claims (optional)

For vitamins, minerals and/or medicinal ingredients standardized to vitamins, minerals and/or beta-carotene

As per the current Natural and Non-Prescription Health Products Directorate (NNHPD) MVM monograph.

For marigold extracts, lutein and lutein esters

(no claim other than antioxidant is supported for zeaxanthin or zeaxanthin esters)

As per the current NNHPD Marigold Extract and Isolates (Lutein and Zeaxanthin) monograph.

Dose(s)

Subpopulation(s)

Adults 18 years and older

Quantity(ies)

Table 2. Dose information presented as maximum daily and single doses with acceptable potency constituents as per the Natural Health Products Ingredients Database (NHPID)
Medicinal ingredients Methods of preparation1 Maximum daily dose Maximum single dose Potency constituent(s)
Abelmoschus esculentus Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Actinidia chinensis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Actinidia deliciosa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
15 g of dried fruits
Active hexose correlated compound Isolate 6 g of AHCC granule N/A N/A
3.6 g of AHCC powder
Alaria esculenta Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 5 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga N/A N/A
Allium ampeloprasum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried leaves
Allium cepa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh bulbs N/A
  • Allicin
  • Alliin
  • beta-Carotene
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried bulbs
Allium porrum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
20 g of dried leaves
Allium sativum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 12 g of fresh bulbs N/A
  • Allicin
  • Alliin
  • beta-Carotene
  • Quercetin
  • Selenium
12 g of dried bulbs
Standardized extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 12 mg of allicin and/or 27 mg of alliin
Allium schoenoprasum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried leaves
Aloe vera Freeze-dried, Fresh, Juice, Juice powdered, Juice powdered, freeze-dried, Powdered, Extract liquid, Extract dry 200 ml or 200 g of fresh leaf gel N/A N/A
Alpinia galanga Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh rhizomes N/A Vitamin C
20 g of dried rhizomes
Amorphophallus konjac Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 60 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
10 g of dried roots and/or tubers
Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
20 g of dried roots and/or tubers
Ananas comosus var. comosus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Anethum graveolens Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops N/A N/A
15 g of dried herb tops
Aphanizomenon flos-aquae Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1.8 g of dried whole alga N/A N/A
Apium graveolens Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops, and/or roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
5 g of dried herb tops, and/or roots and/or tubers
Argania spinosa Oil fixed 15 g of seed oil N/A N/A
Aristotelia chilensis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 15 g of dried fruits N/A Anthocyanins
Aronia melanocarpa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • Proanthocyanidins
15 g of dried fruits
Artemisia dracunculus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried leaves N/A Vitamin C
Artemisia vulgaris Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 7.2 g of dried herb tops N/A N/A
Arthrospira platensis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 8 g of whole alga N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
Ascophyllum nodosum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered Standardized, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, fluid extract, tincture), Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga N/A
  • Iodine
  • Polyphenols
Asparagus officinalis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh shoots N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
5 g of dried shoots
Astaxanthin Isolate 40 mg N/A N/A
Avena sativa Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried seeds and/or seed bran N/A N/A
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts
5 g of dried sprouts
20 g of fresh herb tops and/or leaves
5 g of dried herb tops and/or leaves
Oil fixed 15 g of seed oil
Basella alba Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried leaves
Berberis vulgaris Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 0.5 g of dried fruits N/A N/A
Bergera koenigii Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried leaves N/A N/A
Beta vulgaris Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Manganese
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried roots
100 g of fresh leaves N/A Vitamin C
5 g of dried leaves
Brassica juncea Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Zinc
10 g of dried leaves
Brassica nigra Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 3 g of dried seeds N/A Selenium
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops N/A N/A
10 g of dried herb tops
Brassica oleracea var. capitata Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops N/A N/A
10 g of dried herb tops
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh sprouts N/A Quercetin
15 g of dried sprouts
Brassica oleracea var. italica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops N/A
  • Chromium
  • Selenium
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried herb tops
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh sprouts N/A N/A
10 g of dried sprouts
Brassica oleracea var. oleracea Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops N/A N/A
10 g of dried herb tops
Brassica oleracea var. viridis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g fresh leaf N/A
  • Copper
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin K1
10 g dried leaf
Brassica rapa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried roots
Camellia sinensis Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) Extracts providing up to 690 mg total catechins and up to 150 mg of caffeine Optional: up to 300 mg EGCG N/A
  • Catechins
  • Caffeine
  • Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG)
Cannabis sativa Dry, Powdered 30 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Capparis spinosa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
15 g of dried fruits
Capsicum annuum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 650 mg of dried fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Lutein
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
Carica papaya Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
10 g of dried fruits
Ceratonia siliqua Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of dried fruits N/A Proanthocyanidins
Chamaemelum nobile Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 12 g of dried flowers N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
Chenopodium quinoa Cooked and dry, Cooked and dry standardized, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and powdered standardized, Cooked and Non-Standardized/Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A
  • Biotin
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamine
  • Vitamin B6
Chlorella vulgaris Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 6 g of broken cells N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Biotin
  • Lutein
  • Magnesium
  • Selenium
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K1
  • Zinc
Cicer arietinum Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 40 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Cichorium endivia Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A Vitamin C
5 g of dried leaves
Cichorium intybus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of fresh roots N/A Vitamin C
2 g of dried roots
10 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
1 g of dried leaves
Cinnamomum aromaticum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried stem bark 4 g of dried stem bark
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Polyphenols
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried branch bark and/or trunk bark 4 g of dried branch bark and/or trunk bark N/A
Cinnamomum verum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 4 g of dried branch bark and/or shoot bark N/A N/A
Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Lycopene
10 g of dried fruits
Citrus aurantiifolia Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
10 g of dried fruits
Citrus bioflavonoids Isolate 600 mg N/A N/A
Citrus limon Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
  • Lycopene
  • Rutin
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Citrus maxima Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Citrus bioflavonoids
10 g of dried fruits
Citrus paradisi Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
  • Lycopene
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
10 g of dried fruits
Citrus reticulata Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
15 g of dried fruits
Citrus sinensis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • beta-Carotene
  • Citrus bioflavonoids
  • Hesperidin
  • Lycopene
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
15 g of dried fruits
Coccinia grandis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Cocos nucifera Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Oil fixed 15 g of seed endosperm oil
Coenzyme Q10 Biosynthesis, Synthetic 300 mg N/A N/A
Coriandrum sativum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried leaves
Cucumis melo subsp. melo var. cantalupo Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Cucumis sativus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A beta-Carotene
5 g of dried fruits
Cucurbita maxima Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Cucurbita moschata Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
15 g of dried fruits
10 g of dried seeds
Cucurbita pepo Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Manganese
  • Vitamin C
  • Zinc
5 g of dried fruits
Cucurbita pepo var. pepo Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
5 g of dried fruits
Curcuma longa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 9 g of dried rhizomes; For dry extracts maximum ratio is 25:1 N/A Vitamin C
Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) Extracts providing up to 35% Curcuminoids; Quantity crude equivalent: 9 g of dried rhizomes Curcuminoids
Cuminum cyminum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
Curcumin Isolate 1200 mg 400 mg N/A
Cydonia oblonga Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Bioflavonoids
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Cymbopogon citratus Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops and/or leaves N/A N/A
30 g of dried herb tops and/or leaves
Cynara cardunculus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried leaves N/A Bioflavonoids
Daucus carota Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots N/A
  • Anthocyanosides
  • beta-Carotene
  • Mixed carotenoids
  • Polyphenols
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried roots
100 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
5 g of dried leaves
Dioscorea alata Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots N/A Vitamin C
30 g of dried roots
Diospyros virginiana Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
35 g of dried fruits
DL-alpha-Lipoic acid Synthetic 600 mg N/A N/A
Elaeis guineensis Oil fixed 15 g of fruit oil N/A N/A
Euterpe oleracea Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 14 g of dried fruit flesh and/or dried fruit juice N/A N/A
Fagopyrum esculentum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of dried seeds N/A Iodine
Ficus carica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits
Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh bulbs N/A N/A
10 g of dried bulbs
Fragaria virginiana Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Fragaria x ananassa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
10 g of dried fruits
Fruit blend Powdered, Extract dry 1 g of dried fruits N/A N/A
Fruit and vegetable blend Powdered, Extract dry 1 g of dried fruits and vegetables N/A N/A
Fucus vesiculosus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non- Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract), Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga N/A
  • Iodine
  • Polyphenols
Garcinia mangostana Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Catechins
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits
Ganoderma lucidum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium N/A N/A
Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Decoction, Decoction concentrate 15 g of dried cultured mycelium fruiting body, and/or mycelium N/A N/A
Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standardized 15 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Glycine max Defatted, ground 8 g of defatted soy flour N/A N/A
Powdered 8 g of soy flour
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts
5 g of dried sprouts
Grape seed extract Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 475 mg of extract standardized to 70-85% oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPC) N/A Oligomeric proanthocyanidins
Green coffee bean extract Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 1000 mg of extract standardized to 45-50% chlorogenic acids and up to 4% of caffeine N/A
  • Chlorogenic acids
  • Caffeine
Haematococcus pluvialis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1 g of dried whole alga N/A Astaxanthin
Helianthus annuus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 35 g of dried seeds N/A
  • Biotin
  • Chlorogenic acids
  • Selenium
  • Thiamine
  • Vitamin E
Oil fixed 15 g of seed oil N/A N/A
Hericium erinaceus Decoction, Decoction concentrate 12 g of dried fruiting bodies N/A N/A
Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standartized 12 g of dried fruiting bodies and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Hesperidin Isolate, Synthetic 500 mg N/A N/A
Hibiscus sabdariffa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
5 g of dried leaves
Hippophae rhamnoides Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Bioflavonoids
  • Polyphenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Zeaxanthin
5 g of dried fruits
Hordeum vulgare Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried seeds N/A beta-Carotene
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts N/A N/A
5 g of dried sprouts
100 g of fresh herb tops and/or leaves
20 g of dried herb tops and/or leaves
Ipomoea batatas Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
20 g of dried roots and/or tubers
Irvingia gabonensis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 3.15 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Juglans regia Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A Vitamin C
Lactuca sativa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • Vitamin C
  • Zinc
5 g of dried leaves
Lactuca sativa var. crispa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
5 g of dried leaves
Lactuca sativa var. longifolia Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
5 g of dried leaves
Lagenaria siceraria Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
5 g of dried fruits
Laminaria digitata Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract), Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga N/A Iodine
Laminaria japonica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract), Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga N/A Iodine
Lens culinaris Cooked and dry, Cooked and dry standardized, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and powdered standardized, Cooked and Non-Standardized/Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds

N/A

  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Vitamin C
Lentinula edodes Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium N/A N/A
Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Decoction, Decoction concentrate 16 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium N/A N/A
Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standardized 16 g of dried cultured mycelium, fruiting body, and/or mycelium and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Lepidium meyenii Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 3 g of dried roots and/or hypocotyls N/A N/A
Lepidium sativum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A Vitamin C
20 g of dried leaves
Linum usitatissimum Powdered, Powdered standardized 45 g of dried seeds 22.5 g of dried seeds beta-Carotene
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts N/A N/A
5 g of dried sprouts
Lonicera caerulea Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
15 g of dried fruits
Lutein Isolate 20 mg N/A N/A
Lutein esters Isolate 40 mg N/A N/A
Lycium barbarum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 6 g of dried fruits N/A Polysaccharides
Lycopene Isolate, Synthetic 30 mg N/A N/A
L-Carnitine Isolate, Synthetic 4 g 2 g N/A
L-Glutathione Isolate, Synthetic 743 mg N/A N/A
Malpighia emarginata Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Malpighia glabra Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Malus domestica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
  • Vitamin C
5 g of dried fruits
Malus pumila Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
5 g of dried fruits
Mangifera indica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits
Medicago sativa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried herb tops N/A N/A
Mixed tocopherol concentrate Isolate 179 mg AT N/A N/A
Morinda citrifolia Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried fruits N/A N/A
Moringa oleifera Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried leaves and/or seeds N/A beta-Carotene
Morus alba Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Musa x paradisiaca Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
25 g of dried fruits
Myrciaria dubia Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1.5 g of dried fruits N/A Vitamin C
N-Acetyl-L-cysteine Synthetic 600 mg N/A N/A
Nasturtium officinale Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh herb tops and/or leaves N/A N/A
5 g of dried herb tops and/or leaves
Nelumbo nucifera Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh seeds N/A beta-Carotene
25 g of dried seeds
Ocimum tenuiflorum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 3 g of dried leaves N/A
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamine
Non-Standardized and Standardized Aqueous Extracts (Dry extract, Decoction, Infusion) 28 g of dried leaves
Olea europaea Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 3.5 g of dried leaves Optional: up to 20.8% oleuropein N/A Oleuropein
Decoction, Decoction concentrate, Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standardized 20 g of fresh leaves Optional: up to 20.8% oleuropein 10 g of fresh leaves
10 g of dried leaves Optional: up to 20.8% oleuropein 5 g of dried leaves
Infusion, Infusion concentrate, Infusion standardized, Infusion concentrate standardized 30 g of dried leaves Optional: up to 20.8% oleuropein 8 g of dried leaves
Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
  • Quercetin
10 g of dried fruits
Oil fixed 15 g of fruit oil N/A N/A
Ophiocordyceps sinensis Decoction, Decoction concentrate 9 g of dried stroma N/A N/A
Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standardized 9 g of dried stroma and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Opuntia ficus-indica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
5 g of dried fruits
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 40 g of fresh leaves N/A N/A
3 g of dried leaves
Origanum vulgare Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1.5 g of dried leaves N/A N/A
Oryza sativa Cooked and dry, Cooked and dry standardized, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and powdered standardized, Cooked and Non-Standardized/Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A
  • Calcium
  • Chromium
  • Copper
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Vitamin E
  • Zinc
Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seed bran N/A N/A
Paecilomyces hepiali Decoction, Decoction concentrate 9 g of dried cultured mycelium N/A N/A
Decoction standardized, Decoction concentrate standardized 9 g of dried cultured mycelium and up to 40% polysaccharides N/A Polysaccharides
Palmaria palmata Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh thallus and/or whole alga N/A N/A
15 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga
Panicum miliaceum Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts N/A N/A
5 g of dried sprouts
Passiflora edulis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
25 g of dried fruits
Passiflora quadrangularis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
5 g of dried fruits
Pastinaca sativa Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
20 g of dried roots and/or tubers
Persea americana Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
25 g of dried fruits
Petroselinum crispum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 40 g of fresh herb tops N/A N/A
5 g of dried herb tops
Phaseolus vulgaris Cooked and dry, Cooked and dry standardized, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and powdered standardized, Cooked and Non-Standardized/Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 35 g of dried seeds N/A beta-Carotene
Phoenix dactylifera Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 94 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Polyphenols
  • Vitamin C
75 g of dried fruits
Phyllanthus emblica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract) 6 g of dried fruits N/A Vitamin C
Pimenta dioica Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried fruits N/A N/A
Pimpinella anisum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried fruits N/A Vitamin C
Pinus pinaster Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 450 mg of extract standardized to 65-75% procyanidins N/A Procyanidins
Pisum sativum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh seeds N/A Vitamin C
20 g of dried seeds
Porphyra yezoensis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh thallus and/or whole alga N/A N/A
3 g of dried thallus and/or whole alga
Propolis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 0.6 g of dried Apis mellifera secretion N/A N/A
Prunus armeniaca Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Prunus avium Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
20 g of dried fruits
Prunus cerasus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Prunus domestica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Prunus dulcis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 35 g of dried seeds N/A Vitamin C
Prunus persica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
10 g of dried fruits
Prunus persica var. nucipersica Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Prunus serotina Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
20 g of dried fruits
Prunus virginiana Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Quercetin
40 g of dried fruits
Psidium guajava Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Riboflavin
  • Thiamine
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits
Punica granatum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits and/or seed arils N/A
  • Polyphenols
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits and/or seed arils
Pyrus communis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Pyrus pyrifolia Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Quercetin Isolate, Synthetic 1200 mg 600 mg N/A
Raphanus sativus Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
5 g of dried roots and/or tubers
20 g of fresh sprouts
5 g of dried sprouts
100 g of fresh leaves
5 g of dried leaves
Rhodiola rosea Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 680 mg of dry extract, and 0.8-3% salidroside, and/or 1-6% rosavins 200 mg of dry extract
  • Rosavins
  • Salidroside
Non-Standardized Ethanolic Extracts (Dry extract) 400 mg of dry extract and 2 g dried roots and/or roots and rhizomes 200 mg of dry extract and 1 g of dried roots and/or roots and rhizomes N/A
Tincture 1.8 g of dried roots and/or roots and rhizomes N/A N/A
Resveratrol Isolate, Synthetic 1 g N/A N/A
Ribes nigrum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
20 g of dried fruits
Ribes uva-crispa Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits
Rosa canina Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Lycopene
  • Polyphenols
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
45 g of dried fruits
Rosmarinus officinalis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 12 g of dried leaves N/A N/A
Royal jelly Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 6 g of fresh Apis mellifera secretion N/A N/A
Rubus arcticus Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Rubus idaeus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
10 g of dried fruits
Rubus occidentalis Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Rubus plicatus Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
10 g of dried fruits
Rutin Isolate, Synthetic 1000 mg 500 mg N/A
Salvia hispanica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 40 g of dried seeds N/A
  • Calcium
  • Copper
  • Magnesium
  • Molybdenum
  • Phosphorus
  • Thiamine
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 20 g of fresh sprouts N/A N/A
5 g of dried sprouts
Salvia officinalis Infusion, Infusion concentrate 12 g of dried leaves N/A N/A
Tincture 2.25g of dried leaves
Fluid extract 6 g of dried leaves
Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 18 g of dried fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • beta-Carotene
Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 18 g of dried fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • beta-Carotene
Selenium Isolate, Synthetic 200 mcg N/A N/A
Sesamum indicum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 35 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Setaria italica Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Solanum lycopersicum Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) Extracts providing up to 30 mg of lycopene N/A Lycopene
Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Lutein
  • Rutin
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
5 g of dried fruits
Solanum tuberosum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh roots and/or tubers N/A N/A
20 g of dry roots and/or tubers
Spinacia oleracea Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh leaves N/A
  • Polyphenols
  • Quercetin
  • Riboflavin
  • Rutin
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K1
10 g of dried leaves
Sprout blend Powder, Extract dry 1 g of dried sprouts N/A N/A
Squalene Isolate 1000 mg N/A N/A
Syzygium aromaticum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 2 g of dried flower buds N/A N/A
Tagetes erecta Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) Extracts providing up to 60% lutein esters and up to 40 mg lutein esters. Optional: up to 5 mg zeaxanthin esters N/A
  • Lutein esters
  • Zeaxanthin esters
Tamarindus indica Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 1.5 g of dried fruits N/A Vitamin C
Trigonella foenum-graecum Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of dried seeds N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Vitamin C
Triticum aestivum Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 10 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
20 g of fresh sprouts
5 g of dried sprouts
20 g of fresh herb tops and/or leaves
5 g dried herb tops and/or leaves
Oil fixed 15 g of wheat germ oil
Tocotrienol concentrate Isolate 179 mg AT N/A N/A
Ubiquinol Synthetic 300 mg N/A N/A
  • Vaccinium corymbosum
  • Vaccinium angustifolium
  • Vaccinium pallidum
Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 150 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
20 g of dried fruits
Dry standardized, Powdered standardized, Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) Extracts providing up to 40% anthocyanins and not to exceed 195 mg anthocyanins and 150 grams of fresh fruits or 20 grams of dried fruits N/A Anthocyanins
Vaccinium macrocarpon Fresh, Fresh standardized, Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 30 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Polyphenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
Fresh 950 ml of fruit juice N/A N/A
Powdered 1200 mg of dried fruit juice N/A N/A
Vaccinium myrtillus Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 75 g of dried fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • Anthocyanosides
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
Vaccinium myrsinites Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
15 g of dried fruits
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Quercetin
  • Vitamin C
15 g of dried fruits
Vegetable blend Powder, Extract dry 1 g N/A N/A
Vicia faba Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
25 g of dried fruits
Vigna radiata var. radiata Cooked and dry, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 25 g of dried seeds N/A N/A
Vigna unguiculata subsp. cylindrica Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh seeds N/A N/A
20 g of dried seeds
Vitamin C Isolate, Synthetic 18 years: 1,800 mg 19 years and older: 2,000 mg N/A N/A
Vitamin E Isolate d-alpha Tocopherol 18 years: 800 mg AT 19 years and older: 1,000 mg AT N/A N/A
Synthetic dl-alpha Tocopherol 18 years: 400 mg AT 19 years and older: 500 mg AT N/A N/A
Vitis labrusca Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A N/A
20 g of dried fruits
Red wine extract Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 1 g of extract N/A N/A
Standardized Extracts (Dry extract) 1 g of extract providing up to 95% polyphenols N/A Polyphenols
Vitis vinifera Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • beta-Carotene
  • Polyphenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Resveratrol
  • Vitamin C
5 g of dried fruits
10 g of fresh fruit skin N/A
  • Anthocyanins
  • Bioflavonoids
  • Polyphenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Resveratrol
1 g dry of fruit skin
5 g of fresh seeds N/A
  • Bioflavonoids
  • Oligomeric proanthocyanidins
  • Polyphenols
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Procyanidins
  • Vitamin E
0.5 g of dry seeds
Zeaxanthin Isolate, Synthetic 2.5 mg N/A N/A
Zeaxanthin esters Isolate 5 mg N/A N/A
Zea mays Cooked and dry, Cooked and dry standardized, Cooked and powdered, Cooked and powdered standardized, Cooked and Non-Standardized/Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 25 g of dried seeds N/A
  • beta-Carotene
  • Iodine
  • Vitamin C
  • Zeaxanthin
Zingiber officinale Dry, Powdered, Non-Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 3 g of dried rhizomes N/A N/A
Ziziphus jujuba Dry, Dry standardized, Powdered, Powdered standardized, Non-Standardized and Standardized Extracts (Dry extract, Tincture, Fluid extract, Decoction, Infusion) 100 g of fresh fruits N/A Vitamin C
10 g of dried fruits

References: Isolates: Gopalan et al. 2014; NNHPD 2018; CNF 2012; Kupcinskas et al. 2008; Andersen et al., 2007; Kanaze et al. 2007; Nielsen et al. 2006; Nogata et al. 2006; Manach et al. 2003; Erlund et al. 2002; Qureshi et al. 2002; Blostein-Fujii et al. 1999; Ameer et al.1996; Miettinen and Vanhanen 1994. Other Medicinal ingredients - Fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, algae and other plants: Lim 2015; NNHPD 2015; Zilaee et al. 2014; CNF 2012; Fouladi 2012; Ould Mohamedou et al. 2011; Teas et al. 2011; USDA 2011; Chua et al. 2010; Kumari 2010; Scoglio et al. 2010; Issell et al. 2009; Kimura et al. 2007; Teas et al. 2007; Cherki et al., 2005; Derouiche et al. 2005; Taylor 2005; Callaway 2004; Drissi et al. 2004; Andalla 2003; Beveridge et al. 1999. Fruit and/or vegetable or sprout blends: NNHPD 2018.

1When the method of preparation 'decoction' or 'infusion' is listed as part of the acceptable methods of preparation in Table 2, the method of preparation 'decoction concentrate' or 'infusion concentrate' is also applicable. This would also apply to standardized extracts.

Potency Information (Optional)

The medicinal ingredients supported by this monograph may be standardized to the potency constituents included in the potency constituent column of Table 2 if any. Note that the quantity crude equivalent (QCE) is mandatory on the PLA form and label for standardized extracts as safety is established based on the QCE unless the dose information in Table 2 is only provided for the standardized extract.

The maximum daily dose and single dose for each potency constituent are listed in Table 3. Note that these limits apply to the total quantity of the potency constituent found in the product (i.e. from all medicinal ingredients standardized to it in the product). This would also include the amount of the potency constituent when found in the product formulation as a separate medicinal ingredient (e.g. a product containing vitamin E as a medicinal ingredient as well as a potency constituent of any another medicinal ingredient).

For vitamins, minerals and beta-carotene, the minimum daily dose of the ingredient or potency constituent should meet the minimum dose established in the NNHPD MVM monograph.

Table 3. Maximum quantities of potency constituents including the maximum dose per day and per single dose
Potency constituents Maximum daily dose Maximum single dose
Allicin 12 mg N/A
Alliin 27 mg N/A
Anthocyanins 405 mg N/A
Anthocyanosides 405 mg N/A
Astaxanthin 40 mg N/A
beta-Carotene 6,000 mcg N/A
Bioflavonoids 600 mg N/A
Caffeine 150 mg N/A
Catechins 690 mg N/A
Chlorogenic acids 500 mg N/A
Citrus bioflavonoids 600 mg N/A
Curcuminoids 1,200 mg N/A
Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) 300 mg N/A
Hesperidin 500 mg N/A
Lutein 20 mg N/A
Lutein esters 40 mg N/A
Lycopene 30 mg N/A
Minerals: Selenium, Calcium, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Magnesium, Manganese, Molybdenum, Phosphorus, Zinc As per the MVM monograph N/A
Mixed carotenoids 6,000 mcg N/A
Oleuropein 100 mg N/A
Oligomeric proanthocyanidins 405 mg N/A
Polyphenols 1,000 mg N/A
Polysaccharides 180 g 45 g
Proanthocyanidins 405 mg N/A
Procyanidins 405 mg N/A
Quercetin 1,200 mg 600 mg
Resveratrol 1,000 mg N/A
Rosavins 40.8 mg 12 mg
Rutin 1,000 mg 500 mg
Salidroside 20.4 mg 6 mg
Vitamins: Biotin, Riboflavin, Thiamine, Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K1 As per the MVM monograph N/A
Zeaxanthin 2.5 mg N/A
Zeaxanthin esters 5 mg N/A

Ingredient Combinations

All ingredients included in this monograph may be combined together with the following restrictions

  • The maximum daily dose for beta-carotene (including beta-carotene from mixed carotenoids) in combination with other vitamin A source materials must not exceed the maximum daily dose for vitamin A indicated on the NNHPD MVM monograph. The conversion factor of beta-carotene into vitamin A is 6:1. This factor is also applied to mixed carotenoids.
  • The maximum daily dose for mixed tocopherols in combination with tocotrienols and other vitamin E source materials must not exceed the maximum daily dose for vitamin E indicated on the NNHPD MVM monograph.
  • The total daily dose of each vitamin and mineral must not exceed quantities listed in the NNHPD MVM monograph.
  • The maximum daily doses of other medicinal ingredient/potency constituents when combined together is presented in Table 4.
Table 4. Maximum quantities of medicinal ingredients/potency constituents when combined
Medicinal ingredients/Potency constituents Maximum daily dose
Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus vesiculosus, Laminaria digitata and/or Laminaria japonica 1 g
Anthocyanins, Anthocyanosides, Oligomeric proanthocyanidins, Proanthocyanidins and/or Procyanidins 405 mg
Bioflavonoids, Citrus bioflavonoids, Hesperidin, Quercetin and/or Rutin 600 mg
Catechins + EGCG 690 mg
Mixed carotenoids + beta-Carotene 6,000 mcg
Oils: Coconut oil, Olive oil, Sunflower oil, Wheatgerm oil 15 g
Lutein + Lutein esters* 20 mg
Zeaxanthin + Zeaxanthin esters* 2.5 mg

*When combined, half the amounts of Lutein esters or Zeaxanthin esters should be taken into consideration to calculate the total amount of Lutein or Zeaxanthin (e.g. 10 mg of lutein and 5 mg of lutein esters from Marigold extract would be equivalent to 10 mg + 2.5 mg = 12.5 mg of total lutein).

Direction(s) for use

Consult Table 5 for medicinal ingredients/potency constituents requiring direction of use statements. The medicinal ingredients/potency constituents in Table 5 are associated with the required numbered statement below or a specific product monograph.

1. As per the respective NNHPD single ingredient monograph.

Table 5. Direction(s) for use
Medicinal ingredients/Potency constituents Direction(s) for use
Active hexose correlated compound-powder 1
Aloe vera leaf gel (freeze-dried; juice powdered; juice powdered, freeze-dried; powdered) 1
Calcium As per the MVM monograph
Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorella) 1
Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi) 1
Green tea extract 1
Irvingia gabonensis (African wild mango) 1
Linum usitatissimum (Flaxseed) 1
Lutein esters As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
N-Acetyl-L-cysteine 1
Olea europeae leaf (Olive leaf) 1
Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) 1
Quercetin 1
Rhodiola rosea (Rhodiola) 1
Salvia officinalis (Sage) 1
Tagetes erecta (Marigold) As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Zeaxanthin esters As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Zinc As per the MVM monograph

Duration(s) of use

Consult Table 6 for medicinal ingredients/potency constituents requiring duration of use statements. The medicinal ingredients/potency constituents in Table 6 are associated with the required numbered statements below.

1. As per the respective NNHPD single ingredient monograph.

2. Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician for use beyond 3 months (EFSA 2014).

Table 6. Duration(s) of use
Medicinal ingredients/Potency constituents Duration(s) of use
Astaxanthin (> 4 mg/day) 2
Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon) 1
Grape seed extract 1
Green tea extract 1
Lepidium meyenii (Maca) 1
Propolis 1
Quercetin 1
Resveratrol 1
Rutin 1
Salvia officinalis (Sage) 1

Risk information

Consult Table 7 for appropriate risk statements related to each medicinal ingredient/potency constituent. The medicinal ingredients/potency constituents in Table 7 are associated with the required numbered statements below or a specific product monograph.

1. As per the respective NNHPD single ingredient monograph.

Caution(s) and warning(s)

2. Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

3. Consult a health care practitioner/health care provider/health care professional/doctor/physician prior to use if you are taking any prescription medication (Brinker 2010).

Contraindication(s)

4. Do not use this product if you are pregnant or breastfeeding (Brinker 2010).

Table 7. Risk information
Medicinal ingredients/Potency constituents Risk information
Active hexose correlated compound - granule 1
Active hexose correlated compound - powder 1
Allium sativum (Garlic) 1
Aloe vera - leaf gel 1

Aphanizomenon flos-aquae

4

Artemisia vulgaris (Mugwort)

1

Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina)

1

Ascophyllum nodosum (Norwegian Kelp)

As per the Kelp products monograph

Astaxanthin

2

Berberis vulgaris - fruit (Common barberry)

4

Cannabis sativa - seed (Hemp)

2

Capsicum annuum (Cayenne)

1

Chamaemelum nobile (Roman chamomile)

1

Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorella)

1

Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon)

1

Cinnamomum verum (Cinnamon)

1

Citrus bioflavonoids

1

Citrus paradisi - fruit (Grapefruit)

3

Coenzyme Q10

1

Curcuma longa (Turmeric)

1

Curcumin

1

Cynara cardunculus (Globe artichoke)

1

DL-alpha-Lipoic acid

1

Euterpe oleracea (Acai)

1

Fucus vesiculosus (Kelpware)

As per the Kelp products monograph

Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi)

1

Grape seed extract

1

Green coffee bean extract

1

Green tea extract

1

Hericium erinaceus (Lion's mane)

As per the Mushrooms monograph

Hesperidin (> 50 mg/day)

2, 3

Irvingia gabonensis (African wild mango)

1

Laminaria digitata (Kelp)

As per the Kelp products monograph

Laminaria japonica (Japanese kelp)

As per the Kelp products monograph

L-Carnitine

1

Lentinula edodes (Shiitake)

As per the Mushrooms monograph

Lepidium meyenii (Maca)

1

L-Glutathione

2

Linum usitatissimum (Flaxseed)

1

Lycium barbarum - fruit (Goji)

2

Medicago sativa (Alfalfa)

1

Manganese

As per the MVM monograph

Mixed tocopherol concentrate + tocotrienols + vitamin E (> 179 mg AT/day)

As per the MVM monograph

N-Acetyl-L-cysteine

1

Ocimum tenuiflorum (Holy Basil)

1

Olea europaea - leaf (Olive leaf)

1

Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Cordyceps)

As per the Mushrooms monograph

Paecilomyces hepiali (Cordyceps)

As per the Mushrooms monograph

Phyllanthus emblica (Amla)

1

Propolis

1

Quercetin

1

Red wine extract

1

Resveratrol

1

Rhodiola rosea (Rhodiola)

1

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)

1

Royal jelly

1

Rutin

1

Salvia officinalis (Sage)

1

Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra (Black elder)

As per the Elder monograph

Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis (American elder)

As per the Elder monograph

Selenium

As per the MVM monograph

Squalene

2

Triticum aestivum (Wheatgrass-herb top/leaf)

2

Trigonella foenum-graecum (Fenugreek)

1

Ubiquinol

1

Vaccinium corymbosum (Blueberry)

1

Vaccinium angustifolium (Blueberry)

1

Vaccinium pallidum (Blueberry)

1

Vaccinium macrocarpon (Cranberry)

1

Vitamin E

As per the MVM monograph

Vitamin K1

As per the MVM monograph

Zinc

As per the MVM monograph

Non-medicinal ingredients

Must be chosen from the current NHPID and must meet the limitations outlined in the database.

Storage conditions

Consult Table 8 for appropriate storage condition statements related to each medicinal ingredient/potency constituent. The medicinal ingredients/potency constituents in Table 8 are associated with the required numbered statements below or a specific product monograph.

1. As per the respective NNHPD single ingredient monograph

Table 8. Storage conditions
Medicinal ingredients/Potency constituents Storage conditions
Cocos nucifera - oil (Coconut oil) As per the Multiple Ingredient fixed oil products monograph
Helianthus annuus - oil (Sunflower oil) As per the Multiple Ingredient fixed oil products monograph
Lutein As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Lutein esters As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Olea europaea - oil (Olive oil) As per the Multiple Ingredient fixed oil products monograph
Quercetin 1
Rutin 1
Salvia officinalis (Sage) 1
Tagetes erecta (Marigold) As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Triticum aestivum - oil (Wheatgerm oil) As per the Multiple Ingredient fixed oil products monograph
Zeaxanthin As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph
Zeaxanthin esters As per the Marigold Extract and Isolates monograph

Specifications

  • The finished product specifications must be established in accordance with the requirements described in the NNHPD Quality of Natural Health Products Guide.
  • Each medicinal ingredient must comply with the requirements outlined in the NHPID.
  • For medicinal ingredients associated with another NNHPD monograph, specifications indicated in those monographs apply.

Cannabis sativa seeds (Hemp)

Must not contain more than 10 parts per million delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), or phytocannabinoids that have been isolated or concentrated. The determination of the THC concentration must take into account the potential to convert delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) to THC.

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